China is officially composed of 56 ethnic groups ( 55 minorities plus the dominant Han). However, some of the ethnic groups as classified by the PRC government contain, within themselves, diverse groups of people.
Introducation. China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China’s vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization regraded as “Chinese culture”.
According to the population, the major ethnic groups are Zhuang, Uyghur, Hui, Manchu, Miao, Yi, Tujia, Tibetan, Mongol, Dong, Buyei, Yao, Bai, Korean, Hani, Li, Kazakh and Dai. The minorities of China mainly live in the vast areas of the west, southwest and northwest of China.
Studies of Chinese populations show that 97.4% of their genetic make-up is from ancestral modern humans from Africa, with the rest coming from extinct forms such as Neanderthals and Denisovans.
In November 2013, following the Third Plenum of the 18th Central Committee of the CPC, China announced the decision to relax the one – child policy. Under the new policy, families could have two children if one parent, rather than both parents, was an only child.
The Census Bureau defines a person of the Asian race as “having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, or the Indian subcontinent including, for example, Cambodia, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippine Islands, Thailand, and Vietnam.”
Multiple ethnic groups populate China, the area claimed by both the People’s Republic of China (China) and the Republic of China (Taiwan). The Han people are the largest ethnic group in mainland China. In 2010, 91.51% of the population were classified as Han (~1.2 billion).
The revised standards contain five minimum categories for race: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, and White. There are two categories for ethnicity: “Hispanic or Latino” and “Not Hispanic or Latino.”
The world’s largest ethnic group is Han Chinese, with Mandarin being the world’s most spoken language in terms of native speakers. The world’s population is predominantly urban and suburban, and there has been significant migration toward cities and urban centres.
Religion in China The main religions in China are Buddhism, Chinese folklore, Taoism and Confucianism among many others. Abrahamic religions are also practised. There are three main existing branches of buddhism: Han Buddhism, Tibetan Buddhism, and Theravada.
Diversity & Inclusion Climate Although China is ethnically diverse, it is highly racially homogenous. Additionally, some contend that China has no problem with racism, but to not acknowledge race creates an issue with naming mistreatment or inequality.
The world population can be divided into 4 major races, namely white/Caucasian, Mongoloid/Asian, Negroid/Black, and Australoid. This is based on a racial classification made by Carleton S. Coon in 1962.
An old missionary student of China once remarked that Chinese history is “remote, monotonous, obscure, and-worst of all-there is too much of it.” China has the longest continuous history of any country in the world—3,500 years of written history. And even 3,500 years ago China’s civilization was old!
A recent study (2018) shows that the Japanese are predominantly descendants of the Yayoi people and are closely related to other modern East Asians, especially Koreans and Han Chinese. It is estimated that the majority of Japanese only has about 12% Jōmon ancestry or even less.
Qin Shi Huang
|Qin Shi Huang 秦始皇|
|Reign||7 May 247 BC – 221 BC|
|Emperor of China|
|Reign||221 BC – 10 September 210 BC|