Location The Tillamook traditionally lived along a coastal strip from roughly Tillamook Head to the Siletz River, in present-day Oregon. Population The Tillamook population stood at about 2,200 in 1805. In 1950 it was under 250. In 1990 roughly 50 Tillamook descendants lived in and around Oregon.
Tillamook houses were rectangular and constructed from horizontal cedar planks. Each house was occupied by more than one family and would have several hearth fires down the center. Two families would usually share a single fire. The side walls were lined with platforms for resting and sleeping.
Their neighbors, the Chinook, lived on the northern banks of the Columbia and on the Pacific Coast, while the Nehalem, the northernmost band of the Tillamook, lived on the Oregon coast at Tillamook Head south to Kilchis Point.
In its early years, the town of Tillamook, the first community to be settled in the county, bore the unofficial names Lincoln and Hoquarton, the latter believed to be an Indian name meaning “the landing.” Its name was eventually changed to Tillamook, an Indian word meaning “the many peoples of the Nehelim.” William
The Tillamook Native Americans were a tribe that settled down in Northwest Oregon sometime during the 1400s. They subsisted on salmon, other fish, and foraged foods without resorting to a nomadic lifestyle.
The peoples who spoke Iroquoian languages occupied a continuous territory around Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada).
Chinook, North American Indians of the Northwest Coast who spoke Chinookan languages and traditionally lived in what are now Washington and Oregon, from the mouth of the Columbia River to The Dalles. The Chinook were famous as traders, with connections stretching as far as the Great Plains.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition first encountered Chinookan-speaking people at the Dalles of the Columbia river. Upper and Lower Chinookan villages were in contact as the expedition traveled to the river’s mouth, wintered at Fort Clatsop, and returned home in spring 1806.
They were paid a settlement in 1907. Their descendants are now considered part of the Confederated Tribes of Siletz.
“Northwest Coast” refers to the coast of North America that extends from southern Alaska through Canada to Washington State. With vast cedar and spruce forests and myriad inlets, islands and rivers, this unique region has been home to people for millennia.
The Coast Salish-speaking peoples have lived in what is present-day western Washington and southwestern British Columbia for more than 10,000 years.
In the case of the Tillamook Nation, which includes the Nehalem and Nestucca tribes, the primary language spoken was Salish. “The men spoke Salish,” said Beach, “but the women tended to be bilingual or trilingual, because they were from somewhere else.”
Tillamook is an extinct Salishan language, formerly spoken by the Tillamook people in northwestern Oregon, United States. The last fluent speaker was Minnie Scovell who died in 1972.
The name Tillamook is derived from a tribe of Salish-speaking Indians who lived in villages south of Tillamook Head.
Much of our Tillamook Ice Cream is also made at our factory in Tillamook, Oregon.