The Shoshone Indians, also known as the Snake Nation, occupied areas both east and west of the Rocky Mountains. Unlike the bands west of the Rockies, which lived in roofless grass huts and hunted fish, birds and rabbits, the Shoshones in the east and north lived in tepees and hunted buffalo.
It belongs to the Central Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Speakers are scattered from central Nevada to central Wyoming. The largest numbers of Shoshoni speakers live on the federally recognized Duck Valley Indian Reservation, located on the border of Nevada and Idaho; and Goshute Reservation in Utah.
Famous Shoshone People include Chief Little Soldier, Chief Pocatello, Chief Bear Hunter, Chief Washakie, and the most famous of the Shoshone, Sacagawea. They are not known for their jewelry, but Shoshone artists are famous for their beautiful beadwork, woven baskets, art and paintings, including those on tanned hides.
Shoshone, also spelled Shoshoni; also called Snake, North American Indian group that occupied the territory from what is now southeastern California across central and eastern Nevada and northwestern Utah into southern Idaho and western Wyoming.
The Shoshone religion is based on belief in supernatural power (boha) that is acquired primarily through vision quests and dreams.
In Shoshone language, behne is a way to greet people and say hello in a friendly way.
But they did have dolls, toys, and games to play. Shoshone kids also enjoyed footraces, and girls and women played a ball game called shinny.
Today, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members primarily live on several reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, the largest of which is the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming. The Fort Hall Reservation of the Shoshone -Bannock tribes is located in southeastern Idaho.
The name may mean “high growing grass.” The Shoshone refer to themselves using several similar words that mean “people.” Other tribes and whites often referred to them as “Snake” people for two reasons: their location near the Snake River, which runs through Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the tribal warriors’ wartime
There are three main traditions of the Shoshone Indians; the Vision Quest, the Power of the Shaman, and the Sun Dance. There is a great deal of focus put into the supernatural world. The Shoshone Indians believe that supernatural powers are acquired through vision quests and dreams.
The Shoshone developed a mild version of the Plains Sun Dance. The two Shoshone Ghost Dance songs adhere to the pattern of paired phrases that characterize all Ghost Dance songs. The Shoshone Hand Game songs are sung with a rhythmic drum accompaniment.