Naga, (Sanskrit: “serpent”) in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism, a member of a class of mythical semidivine beings, half human and half cobra. They are a strong, handsome species who can assume either wholly human or wholly serpentine form and are potentially dangerous but often beneficial to humans.
Origins of the Nagas. According to the oral traditions of many Naga tribes, their ancestors migrated from Yunnan in China. Some claim they were forced to leave during the construction of the Great Wall of China. Having travelled from China through the jungles of Myanmar, the Nagas arrived at Makhel.
Naga is an umbrella term for several indigenous communities in North-East India and Upper Burma. The word Naga originated as an exonym. Today, it covers a number of tribes that reside in Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh states of India, and also in Myanmar.
The state is home to 16 major tribes — Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Kachari, Khiamniungan, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Phom, Pochury, Rengma, Sangtam, Sumi, Yimchunger and Zeme-Liangmai (Zeliang).
The snakelike Nagas are not figures of evil like the serpent of Christian stories. Although some stories describe Nagas as Garuda’s enemies, whom he perpetually punishes, Nagas are also worshiped in their own right. In South India, for example, Nagas can bring fertility, and women seek their aid in having children.
Reproduction. Most species of nagas lay eggs, although few instead give birth to live young. Giant nagas do not mate very often and usually lay only one or two eggs at a time. Regardless, they defend their eggs ferociously from egg-eating animals, or any creature that would dare venture too close.
Head-hunting culture is often considered as primitive and feral, but even against such culture, the Tangkhul- Naga tribe did not practice cannibalism (mikhalatta kashai), making many of them to feel agitated at the thought of them being consumed by the white soldiers (Kora Raimi).
This family group is known as the ” NAGAs “. The Nagas are a mongolian racial group. They are generally well built, tall, slim, reddish in complexion.
Up until 1969, the Konyak people or the Nagas were known as fierce warriors, who often attacked nearby villages of other tribes and took heads of opposing warriors as trophies to declare their victory.
Naga people form the majority of the population, as on 2011 census the total population of Naga tribals is 1.8 million, constitutes 90% of the total population. Ethnic groups.
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The largest city in Nagaland is Dimapur. Total area of Nagaland is 16,579 km² including 16,335.52 km² rural area and 243.48 km² urban area. Households in Nagaland.
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Seeking self-rule, Nagas had declared independence a day ahead of India’s in 1947. The 74th ‘ Naga Independence Day ‘ was celebrated in Nagaland and parts of Manipur on Friday amid a renewed push for a final solution to the long-drawn Naga political issue involving several extremist groups.
On the other hand, Mizoram and Nagaland (excluding Dimapur) are protected by Article 371G and 371A of the Indian Constitution and ownership rights of land are reserved for indigenous people and there are Inner Line Permit (ILP) provisions in many states of the region.
With a whopping number of different tribes and the cultural diversity that they bring, there is little wonder in the fact that Nagaland is famous as the ‘Land of Festivals’. With each tribe practising its own rituals and traditions, Nagaland is a state that has one major festival lined up for all months of a year.
Of which, there are 33 recognised tribes (in Manipur) which either fall under the Nagas or the Kukis, the two different conglomerates of Manipur tribals. The two communities are differentiated mainly from their distinctive dialects, costumes, cultures and traditions.