Native lands contain 10% of the known onshore supply of natural gas, but most of it is mined by non-Native entities that typically pay royalties of 12.5% of sales. Tribes ‘ royalties totaled $200 million last year. The Southern Utes, meanwhile, pulled in $100 million on profits from their gas-production company.
Ute women used sticks to dig wild carrots, the roots of sego lily and fritillary. Brake fern, asparagus, bitterroot, wild potatoes and onions grew in the runoff from high mountain snowmelt. They gathered eggs laid by ducks and mud hens. The Utes ate the blossoms and fruit of the yucca plant and used the root for soap.
The main resource of the Ute Indians was buffalo. They used their natural resources for food, clothing, artwork, tools, shelter, and many other things. They used small animals, like rabbits, for food, and also plants that grew where they lived.
The Utes were hunter-gatherers, and moved from place to place frequently as they gathered food for their families. Ute men hunted deer, elk, buffalo, and small game. Ute women gathered roots, pine nuts, seeds and fruits. Ute Indians also used to enjoy eating grasshoppers and other insects.
Utes were known for their tanned elk and deer hides which they traded along with dried meat tools and weapons. Around 1637 Ute captives escaping from the Spanish in Santa Fe fled, taking with them Spanish horses, thus making the Utes one of the first Native American tribes to acquire the horse.
The home of the Ute Indian Tribe is the Uintah and Ouray (U & 0) Reservation, located within a three-county area in Northeastern Utah, known as the “Uinta Basin,” and covers a large portion of western Uintah and eastern Duchesne Counties.
Ute people now primarily live in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah (3,500 members); Southern Ute in Colorado (1,500 members); and Ute Mountain which primarily lies in Colorado, but extends to Utah and New Mexico (2,000 members).
The Utes are a tribe that originated in Utah. Before the Utes came in contact with the Europeans, they practiced the religion of Shamanism. Named after Shamans, this religion was based on a belief in nature and healing.
Anthropologists argue that the Utes began using the northern Colorado Plateau between one and two thousand years ago. Historically, the Ute people lived in several family groups, or bands, and inhabited 225,000 square miles covering most of Utah, western Colorado, southern Wyoming, and northern Arizona and New Mexico.
UTE INDIANS – NORTHERN. Ute Indians (who call themselves Nuciu, “The People”) are Southern Numic speakers of the Numic (Shoshonean) language family. At the time of Euro-American contact, twelve informally affiliated Ute bands inhabited most of Utah and western Colorado.
Utes, a mainstay of Aussie car culture since we invented the bloody things back in the 1930s, are set to disappear from local showrooms replaced instead, by those most American of things, the truck, or to give them their correct nomenclature, the ‘pick-up’ truck.
The Paiutes foraged for tubers and greens, including cattail sprouts, and for berries and pine nuts. The seeds of rice grass were ground into meal. Whenever possible they fished and hunted, especially for migratory ducks.
Paiute men wore breechcloths and leggings. Here is a website with some Native American breechcloth pictures. In colder weather, men would also wear buckskin shirts. Some Paiute people wore Indian moccasins, but others wore sandals made of yucca fiber or simply went barefoot.
They cannot easily be moved from one place to another. The Ute Indians used shelters like these before they became buffalo hunters and lived in tepees. The Utes also built temporary camp shelters that were called wickiups. These were dome-shaped shelters covered with willows, bark, grass or reeds.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.