The Seminoles of Florida call themselves the “Unconquered People,” descendants of just 300 Indians who managed to elude capture by the U.S. army in the 19th century. Today, more than 2,000 live on six reservations in the state – located in Hollywood, Big Cypress, Brighton, Immokalee, Ft. Pierce, and Tampa.
Unlike their dealings with other Indian tribes, however, the U.S. government could not force a surrender from the Florida Seminoles. The U.S. declared the war ended – though no peace treaty was ever signed – and gave up.
A: Each member of the Seminole Tribe of Florida, even children, now receives a monthly dividend check of $7,000, or $84,000 annually, as his or her share of money made mostly from casinos.
Marcellus Osceola Jr., 44, lives on the Hollywood Seminole Indian Reservation and is an entrepreneur who previously was elected to the tribal council and the board of directors, tribe spokesman Gary Bitner said in a news release.
The Seminole Tribe of Florida and the Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida are two of three federally recognized Seminole nations, along with the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma. There are six Seminole Tribe of Florida reservations across the state of Florida.
The ‘Indian Problem’ In the southeastern United States, many Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek and Cherokee people embraced these customs and became known as the “Five Civilized Tribes.”
Why did the Seminoles welcome runaway slaves? An example of guerrilla warfare because the Seminoles made a quick surprise attack. At the end, the U.S. allowed the remaining Seminoles in Florida to stay in their land.
This Date in Native History: On September 4, 1886, the great Apache warrior Geronimo surrendered in Skeleton Canyon, Arizona, after fighting for his homeland for almost 30 years. He was the last American Indian warrior to formally surrender to the United States.
Not only did the Americans come down to explore Florida, so did the runaway slaves. Florida was a safe place for them to hide from their masters. This was one reason the U.S. Army attacked the Seminoles which resulted in the First Seminole War (1817 to 1818).
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States.
No money is given directly to individuals or families, but it must be used to provide increased access to quality housing for them. Low-income Native Americans get some money directly to improve their living conditions on reservations or other tribal land areas.
The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida. Today, they live in Oklahoma and Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent groups.
The food that the Seminole tribe ate included included wild turkeys, rabbits, deer (venison), fish, turtles, and alligators. Their staple foods were corn, squash and beans supplemented with wild rice, mushrooms, pumpkins and plants.
The original homelands of Florida’s Creek and Miccosukee Indians were in the northern part of the state, but since the native tribes of southern Florida had been conquered and shipped to Cuba by the Spanish, the Seminoles retreated into that area, where most Seminole people are still living today.