Eastern Woodland Indians lived in different types of shelters. They lived in wigwams and longhouses. Native Americans built their own homes from grasses, and they used twigs, branches, and mud and clay. A typical Eastern Woodland Indians ‘ village had 30-60 houses plus a meeting houses.
The Eastern Woodlands is a large region that stretches from the northeastern coast of present-day United States and the Maritimes to west of the Great Lakes. It extends southwest to present-day Illinois and east to coastal North Carolina.
Woodland Indian tribes lived east of the Plains Indians and extended from New England and Maryland to the Great Lakes Area and into Maine. They lived in the forests near lakes or streams, which is why they’re called Eastern Woodland Indians.
The homes of the Eastern Woodland Indians were called longhouses. Like the homes of the Northwest Culture, these were rectangular homes with barrel shaped roofs. As their name states, these homes were very long. The outsides of these homes were made of wooden frames with bark sewn together to cover them.
The Eastern Woodlands Indians of the north lived predominately in dome-shaped wigwams (arched shelters made of a framework of poles and covered with bark, rush mats, or hides) and in long houses (multi-family lodges having pole frames and covered with elm shingles).
The Indians in the Eastern Woodland Culture lived east of the Plains Indians. These Indians, like the Indians of the other cultures depended on the natural resources around them for all of their basic needs. Because these Indians lived in the forests, they were called the Eastern Woodland Indians.
The Woodlands Native Americans worshipped the spirits of nature. They believed in a Supreme Being who was all-powerful. Shamanism was part of their religious practices. A shaman is a person who, while in a trance, can communi- cate with the spirits.
Lacrosse. Lacrosse was invented and spread by the Iroquois and Huron Peoples— Eastern Woodlands Native American tribes living around the St. Lawrence River in New York and Ontario. The Cherokees called the sport “the little brother of war” because it was considered excellent military training.
Woodlands Region is hot, humid summers and mild winters. The Eastern Woodland Native Americans lived in longhouses. They were made from wood and bark from the trees. Multiple families lived in the long houses.
Government – Eastern Woodlands Indians. All the Eastern Woodlands Indians had a very specific and organized method to handle tribal affairs. This organized method would help the American Indians adapt to their environment. The similarities that they share outweigh the differences.
For individual treatment of specific tribes, see Abenaki; Apalachee; Catawba; Cayuga; Cherokee; Chickasaw; Chitimacha; Choctaw; Creek; Delaware; Erie; Ho-Chunk; Huron; Illinois; Kickapoo; Malecite; Massachuset; Menominee; Miami; Mohawk; Mohegan; Mohican; Montauk; Narraganset; Nauset; Neutral; Niantic; Nipmuc; Ojibwa;
The Eastern Woodlands Indians dressed mainly in clothing made from animal hides that were softened, tanned, and sewn. Their basic wardrobe consisted of soft-soled moccasins, leggings, and a long-sleeved shirt or coat, over which women wore long skirts and men wore breechclouts and short kilts.
They would farm, gather, fish and hunt. Some things that they would eat were corn, squash, rice, and beans. Their gathering skills would provide their berries and nuts. They were about to hunt and eat buffalo, elk,rabbit, deer, bears, moose, raccoons, squirrels.
wild berries) and meat from animals they hunted that they collected. Many tribes also grew “The Three Sisters”— corn, beans, and squashes. Eastern Woodlands Indians hunted different animals depending on what was available in the part of the region that they lived in. This included deer, moose, caribou, and seal.
The main sport that the Iroquois played was lacrosse. The game was not only played for fun, it was also played to amuse the creator and more importantly, train young men for war. The game was also played to settle disputes between tribes! Early lacrosse had very few rules.