The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida. Today, they live in Oklahoma and Florida, and comprise three federally recognized tribes: the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma, the Seminole Tribe of Florida, and Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida, as well as independent groups.
The subtropical climate allowed the Seminole to grow and hunt foods almost year round. Corn was the most important crop to the Seminole. They believed the Corn Mother was the goddess of farming.
The Seminole Indians who lived in Florida just prior to removal had mixed origins, including a severed branch of Lower Creeks from the Chattahoochee River and runaway black slaves from the nearby plantations of white settlers.
The Seminoles lived in palm thatched dwellings called chickees. Their walls were open for fresh air, plus the weather was so hot! But the store houses were not open walls. They built their houses on stilts to keep out the alligators, crocodiles, and snakes!
Once a month, every man, woman and child in the tribe gets a check for $1,000 – up from $300 a year ago. The money is generated from the tribe’s gaming tables, with revenue divided equally among members after expenses.
Almost all of the tribe’s $525 million in annual dividends flows from the Seminoles ‘ seven Florida casinos, which are worth an estimated $10.4 billion.
The food that the Seminole tribe ate included included wild turkeys, rabbits, deer (venison), fish, turtles, and alligators. Their staple foods were corn, squash and beans supplemented with wild rice, mushrooms, pumpkins and plants.
Indians were being forced from their land because the United States believed that the Indians right to the land was insubordinate to their own. Also since the U.S.’s force was superior to that of the Native American’s they could out gun them and take the land without much struggle.
The Seminole people lived in houses called chickees. Seminole chickees were made of wood and plaster, and the roofs were thatched with palmetto fiber. Here are some pictures of chickees like the ones Seminole Indians used.
The ‘Indian Problem’ In the southeastern United States, many Choctaw, Chickasaw, Seminole, Creek and Cherokee people embraced these customs and became known as the “Five Civilized Tribes.”
Not only did the Americans come down to explore Florida, so did the runaway slaves. Florida was a safe place for them to hide from their masters. This was one reason the U.S. Army attacked the Seminoles which resulted in the First Seminole War (1817 to 1818).
The Seminoles of Florida call themselves the “Unconquered People,” descendants of just 300 Indians who managed to elude capture by the U.S. army in the 19th century. Today, more than 2,000 live on six reservations in the state – located in Hollywood, Big Cypress, Brighton, Immokalee, Ft. Pierce, and Tampa.
Q: What is the difference between the Seminole and Miccosukee Tribes? A: The difference is political, not cultural. In 1957, many of the Native Americans in Florida formed a political organization called the Seminole Tribe of Florida.
In what would become the state of Kansas the tribes that lived in earth lodges were the Pawnees and the Kansas. These houses were only used in the spring and fall as both tribes utilized the skin tipi in the winter and summer when they were on extended bison hunts in the short grass prairies.
These American Indian people are well known for their beautiful woodcarvings, beadwork, and baskets. The Seminoles obtained food by farming, hunting, and fishing. Their crops included corn, squash, and beans. They hunted deer, rabbits, wild turkeys, and other game.