The Tunica language is an isolate. Over the next centuries, under pressure from hostile neighbors, the Tunica migrated south from the Central Mississippi Valley to the Lower Mississippi Valley. Eventually they moved westward and settled around present-day Marksville, Louisiana.
Their main crops were corn, beans, and pumpkins. Tunica men also hunted deer, wild turkey, and buffalo, and women collected fruits, nuts, and mushrooms to use in their cooking. They also mined salt to flavor their food with.
The Tunica or Luhchi Yoroni (or Tonica, or less common form Yuron) language is a language isolate that was spoken in the Central and Lower Mississippi Valley in the United States by Native American Tunica peoples. Tunica language.
|Revival||32 L2 speakers (2017)|
|Language family||Language isolate|
✓ They will explore the influence of the Mississippi Native Americans by identifying and comparing the three major tribes: the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Natchez. They will also compare their cultures, government, and economic system.
The Coushatta (Koasati: Koasati, Kowassaati or Kowassa:ti) are a Muskogean-speaking Native American people now living primarily in the U.S. states of Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. When first encountered by Europeans, they lived in the territory of present-day Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama.
The earliest European account of the Natchez may be from the journals of the Spanish expedition of Hernando de Soto. In 1542 de Soto’s expedition encountered a powerful chiefdom located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. Native sources called it “Quigualtam,” after the paramount chief’s name.
The Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana is the only Louisiana tribe to still live on a section of their original homeland, with a reservation located near the town of Charenton, approximately two hours from New Orleans.
The Chakchiuma were a Native American tribe of the upper Yazoo River region of what is today the state of Mississippi.
American negotiators convinced the Osage to abandon their traditional lands and peacefully move to a reservation in southern Kansas in 1810. When American settlers began to covet the Osage reservation in Kansas, the tribe agreed to yet another move, relocating to what is now Osage County, Oklahoma, in 1872.
As one of the United States’ original first nations, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians is the only Federally-recognized American Indian tribe living within the State of Mississippi. We have more than 11,000 members strong. Our Choctaw lands cover over 35,000 acres in ten different counties in Mississippi.
Tribes and Bands of Mississippi Acolapissa. Biloxi. Capinans. Chakchiuma. Choctaw. Choula. Grigra. Houma.
There were twenty-one known Indian tribes in the area of present day Mississippi between the years 1500 and 1800. Most were small, numbering only a few hundred, and many did not survive the territorial conflicts between French and English allied groups of the 18th century.