The Wichita were successful hunters and farmers and skilled traders and negotiators. Their historical homelands stretched from San Antonio, Texas in the south to as far north as Great Bend, Kansas. A semi-sedentary people, they occupied northern Texas in the early 18th century.
Like most Caddoans, the Wichita traditionally subsisted largely by farming corn (maize), pumpkins, and tobacco; buffalo hunting was also an important part of their economy. They lived in communal grass-thatched lodges the shape of domed haystacks. On hunting expeditions they resided in tepees.
Wichita oral tradition tells us that the Wichita and the Pawnee are related. People from what is now Arkansas and Louisiana migrated to the Platte River in what is now Nebraska.
Most of the Wichita stayed in the northern area of Texas, though. They lived on the Red River in a place called Spanish Fort. After they moved to Texas they became friends with the powerful Comanche.
Air Capital of the World, The Emerald City, Doo – Dah, ICT! Doo – Dah according to the Urban Dictionary: “Another name for Wichita, KS. Origins unknown, but perhaps it references the laid-back, whimsical attitude felt by some visitors to the city”. Wichita Kansas has EARNED many nicknames over the years.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
The Wichita band of Indians was one of several bands that composed the Wichita confederacy. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
Wichita or Wich·i·tas. 1. A member of a Native American confederacy formerly inhabiting south-central Kansas and later moving southward into Oklahoma and Texas, with a present-day population in southwest Oklahoma. 2. The Caddoan language of the Wichita.
Wichita Facts Wichita is known as the “Air Capital of the World.” Wichita is the birthplace of Pizza Hut and White Castle fast-food chains. A.A. Hyde discovered Mentholatum in 1894 in the current The Spice Merchant & Company building.
The true statements of the ” Wichita tribe ” are: 1) they were descended from the Plains Village Farmers. 4) their society was matrilineal, but men still made decisions for the tribe. 5) they were part of the Caddoan language family.
Unlike many Plains Indians the Wichita had a mixed economy of nomadic wanderings and farming. For most of the year they stayed in permanent villages constructed of conical grass houses.
The Tlingit and Salish are two examples of Northwest Indian tribes who got most of their meat through fishing. Native hunting and fishing weapons varied from tribe to tribe but the most common ones were bows and arrows, spears, harpoons, fish-hooks, and blowguns.
The Tonkawa were a nomadic buffalo hunting people roaming from somewhere around what is now Hillsboro, Texas to the vicinity of present day San Antonio, Texas. They lived in scattered villages of tepees constructed from buffalo hides or arbors made from brush and grass.
The Jicarilla Apache were just one of six southern Athapascan groups that migrated out of Canada sometime around 1300 to 1500 A.D. Moving their way south, they settled in the southwest where their traditional homeland covered more than 50 million acres across north New Mexico, southern Colorado and western Oklahoma.