The Eastern and Northern Shoshones lived in the tall, cone-shaped buffalo-hide houses known as tipis (or teepees). Since the Shoshone tribe moved frequently as they gathered food, a tipi had to be carefully designed to set up and break down quickly, like a modern tent.
Several tribes on the Plains referred to the Shoshones as the “Grass House People,” and this name probably refers to the conically shaped houses made of native grasses (sosoni’) used by the Great Basin Indians.
Eastern and Northern Shoshone lived in teepees. The teepees were portable and the whole village could be packed up in an hour. Today, the Shoshone live in houses and apartment buildings, and only put up teepees for fun.
The Shoshone Indians, also known as the Snake Nation, occupied areas both east and west of the Rocky Mountains. Unlike the bands west of the Rockies, which lived in roofless grass huts and hunted fish, birds and rabbits, the Shoshones in the east and north lived in tepees and hunted buffalo.
In Shoshone language, behne is a way to greet people and say hello in a friendly way.
During the year, Shoshone bands occasionally gathered together and competed with each other in a variety of games. Their competitions included foot races, horse races, shinny, dancing, and other activities. Gambling or betting was often involved with many of the games played by the Northwestern Shoshone.
It belongs to the Central Numic branch of the Uto-Aztecan language family. Speakers are scattered from central Nevada to central Wyoming. The largest numbers of Shoshoni speakers live on the federally recognized Duck Valley Indian Reservation, located on the border of Nevada and Idaho; and Goshute Reservation in Utah.
The name may mean “high growing grass.” The Shoshone refer to themselves using several similar words that mean “people.” Other tribes and whites often referred to them as “Snake” people for two reasons: their location near the Snake River, which runs through Wyoming, Idaho, and Oregon, and the tribal warriors’ wartime
Famous Shoshone People include Chief Little Soldier, Chief Pocatello, Chief Bear Hunter, Chief Washakie, and the most famous of the Shoshone, Sacagawea. They are not known for their jewelry, but Shoshone artists are famous for their beautiful beadwork, woven baskets, art and paintings, including those on tanned hides.
Shoshoni, also written as Shoshoni- Gosiute and Shoshone (/ʃoʊˈʃoʊni/; Shoshoni: Sosoni’ ta̲i̲kwappe, newe ta̲i̲kwappe or neme ta̲i̲kwappeh) is a Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan family, spoken in the Western United States by the Shoshone people.
Today, the Shoshone’s approximately 10,000 members primarily live on several reservations in Wyoming, Idaho, and Nevada, the largest of which is the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming.
The Shoshone, it seems, traded with everyone, including northwest and southwest tribes. Other Rocky Mountain and central Plains tribes also took goods to the Missouri River valley to trade for corn, pumpkin, squash and native-grown tobacco (Nicotiana quadrivalvis, Pursh).
What was the lifestyle and culture of the Shoshone tribe? The Shoshone tribe were originally hunters, fishers and seed gathers from the Great Basin cultural group of Native Indians who were closely related to the Northern Paiute people. The Great Basin social and cultural patterns were those of the non-horse bands.
There are three main traditions of the Shoshone Indians; the Vision Quest, the Power of the Shaman, and the Sun Dance. There is a great deal of focus put into the supernatural world. The Shoshone Indians believe that supernatural powers are acquired through vision quests and dreams.
The Indians shared what food that they had with them, and let them stay in their own teepee. Lewis and his men were the first white people that the Shoshone had ever seen. Cameahwait and a group of Shoshone warriors traveled with Lewis to barter for horses. The only way to communicate with them was a translation chain.