The Seneca lived in longhouses, which are large buildings that were up to 100 feet long. The longhouses could hold up to 60 people.
Seneca, self-name Onödowa’ga:’ (“People of the Great Hill”), North American Indians of the Iroquoian linguistic group who lived in what is now western New York state and eastern Ohio.
Composed of eight clans – Turtle, Bear, Wolf, Beaver, Snipe, Heron, Deer and Hawk – the Seneca are said to have been released by the Creator from beneath a mountain and prospered as the People of the Great Hill.
The Seneca would hunt, fish, farm and gather their food. Staples of the Seneca crop and diet were corn, beans, and squash, which are referred to as the Three Sisters and considered to be special gifts from the Creator.
The Senecas were also highly skilled at warfare, and were considered fierce adversaries. But the Seneca were also renowned for their sophisticated skills at diplomacy and oratory and their willingness to unite with the other original five nations to form the Iroquois Confederacy of Nations.
Seneca is an Iroquoian language spoken by the Seneca people, one of the members of the Iroquois Five (later, Six) Nations confederacy.
The name Seneca is a boy’s name of Latin origin meaning “people of the standing rock”.
The CIR is located along the Cattaraugus Creek, from Gowanda, New York, downstream to the shore of Lake Erie. The CIR is comprised of some 21,618 acres in Cattaraugus, Chautauqua and Erie counties.
The Cayuga Nation is known as “The People of the Great Swamp”. Cayugas are one the original five members of the Haudenosaunee “The People of the Longhouse”. Many goverance principles of the Haudenosaunee were installed into the American form of governance.
Learning the Seneca Indian Language Nya:wëh sgë:nö’ (nyah-weh-sgeh-noh) Hello.
Cornplanter, also called John O’Bail, O’Bail also spelled O’Beel, or Abeel, (born c. 1732, New York? [ U.S. ]—died February 18, 1836, Warren county, Pennsylvania, U.S. ), Seneca Indian leader who aided white expansion into Indian territory in the eastern United States.
The Aniwaya, or Wolf Clan, has been known throughout time to be the largest clan. During the time of the Peace Chief and War Chief government setting, the War Chief would come from this clan. Wolves are known as protectors. Historically, the Wolf Clan was the largest and most important among the Cherokee.
Seneca hunters used bows and arrows; fishermen used spears and fishing poles; and warriors used their bows, arrows, clubs, spears and shields to fight. The other weapons & tools of Seneca Indian people include stone adzes (hand axes for woodworking, flint knives for skinning animals, and wooden hoes for farming.