The name Saponi means “red earth people,” and that phrase had been used in several contexts by the Haliwa- Saponi. W. R. “Talking Eagle” Richardson led the retribalization effort among the Haliwa- Saponi. Richardson returned to North Carolina from Philadelphia in 1955 and was elected the tribe’s first chief.
The Haliwa – Saponi is a Native American people recognized as a tribe by the state of North Carolina. They re-organized and adopted their current form of government in 1953 and were recognized in 1965 by the state of North Carolina.
These include the Chowanoke, Croatoan, Hatteras, Moratoc, Secotan, Weapemeoc, Machapunga, Pamlico, Coree, Neuse River, Tuscarora, Meherrin, Cherokee, Cape Fear, Catawba, Shakori, Sissipahaw, Sugeree, Waccamaw, Waxhaw, Woccon, Cheraw, Eno, Keyauwee, Occaneechi, Saponi, and Tutelo Indians.
For more than two centuries, the Sappony have made their home in the High Plains, an area of the central Piedmont straddling the North Carolina–Virginia border.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
What is the correct terminology: American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native? All of these terms are acceptable. The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name.
The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group. 2010 Census Data.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
The names of many Cherokees who did not leave North Carolina are found in: Blankenship, Bob. Cherokee Roots.
There are eight (8) state-recognized tribes located in North Carolina: the Coharie, the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, the Haliwa-Saponi, the Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina, the Meherrin, the Sappony, the Occaneechi Band of the Saponi Nation and the Waccamaw Siouan.
The Connection between the North Carolina and Oklahoma Tribes. Some members of the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians living in modern day WNC are descendants of Trail of Tears survivors, some of whom made it to Oklahoma and then walked back home.
For over two centuries, the Sappony living in High Plains grew tobacco as a primary subsistence crop, as well as corn and wheat.
The Coharie (“Schohari”), which means “Driftwood” in Tuscarora, are a Native American tribe who descend from the Tuscarora nation. This Iroquoian -speaking tribe mostly left the state in the early 18th century, under pressure from English colonists and Native American enemies.