|Born||May 1788 Lemhi River Valley, near present-day Salmon, Idaho|
|Died||December 20, 1812 (aged 24) or April 9, 1884 (aged 95) Kenel, South Dakota or Wyoming|
|Other names||Sakakawea, Sacajawea|
Many generations of Americans believe Sacagawea was a Shoshone captured by the Hidatsa as a child. But it is the Hidatsa who have full accounts of the woman and her life. “She is not a descendant of Sacagawea,” said Sheppard. “We all know that.”
Sacagawea gave birth to her second child, a daughter named Lisette, three years later. Only a few months after her daughter’s arrival, she reportedly died at Fort Manuel in what is now Kenel, South Dakota, around 1812.
Jean Baptiste Charbonneau is remembered primarily as the son of Sacagawea. His father, Toussaint Charbonneau, was a French-Canadian fur trapper who joined the Lewis and Clark Expedition as an interpreter; Sacagawea proved invaluable as the explorers’ interpreter among the Shoshone.
Sacagawea was born circa 1788 in what is now the state of Idaho. When she was approximately 12 years old, Sacagawea was captured by an enemy tribe, the Hidatsa, and taken from her Lemhi Shoshone people to the Hidatsa villages near present-day Bismarck, North Dakota.
In April of 1805 the expedition headed out. Sacagawea had given birth to a son that winter named Jean Baptiste. She brought him along, carrying him in a cradleboard tied to her back. He was only two months old.
Sakakawea means “Bird Woman” in Hidatsa which should sound Tsi-ki-ka-wi-as. Supporters of this spelling are the Three Affiliated Tribes, Mandan, Hidatsa and Arikara, who claim is the official way to spell it.
According to Moulton, Sacagawea was born into the Lemhi- Shoshone tribe. About age 12, he said, she was kidnapped by members of the Hidatsa tribe, who he believes gave the girl her adult name. And members of that tribe say the name sah-KAH-gah-wee-ah.
The Missouri River headwaters are the Three Forks, Gallatin, Madison, and Jefferson Rivers in Montana and flow into the Mississippi River at St. Louis.
At the time of her death, Sacagawea was with her husband at Fort Manuel, a Missouri Fur Company trading post in present-day South Dakota. Eight months after her death, Clark legally adopted Sacagawea’s two children, Jean Baptiste and Lisette.
Seaman, Meriwether Lewis’ dog, was the only animal to complete the entire trip. He was a Black Newfoundland. He was lost/stolen at one point during the trip but returned later.
This one-minute video segment from IdahoPTV’s “Moments in Time” presents Captain Meriwether Lewis’ journal entry from February 11, 1805, the evening on which Sacagawea gave birth to her son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.
Jean Baptiste Charbonneau was born to Sacagawea, a Shoshone, and her husband, the French Canadian trapper Toussaint Charbonneau, in early 1805 at Fort Mandan in North Dakota. This was during the Lewis and Clark Expedition, which wintered there in 1804–05.