The word ” Penobscot ” originates from a mispronunciation of their name for themselves: Penawapskewi. The word means “the people of where the white rocks extend out” and originally referred to their territory on the portion of the Penobscot River between present-day Old Town and Verona Island, Maine.
Penobscot, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who lived on both sides of the Penobscot Bay and throughout the Penobscot River basin in what is now the state of Maine, U.S. They were members of the Abenaki confederacy.
What were Penobscot men and women’s roles? Penobscot Indian men were hunters and sometimes went to war to protect their families. Penobscot women were farmers and also did most of the child care and cooking.
In the 1700’s, the Micmac, Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Abenaki, and Penobscot people joined together into an alliance known as the Wabanaki Confederacy, and after that, some Micmac people settled in Maine as well. Their descendants still live in Maine today.
At some point, French missionary priests settled among the Penobscot and the tribe adopted Christian teachings. But, the Europeans introduced two more things to the tribe – alcohol and infectious diseases, both of which would take their toll on the tribe.
Today, the four Maine Indian tribes are the Maliseet, Micmac, Penobscot and Passamaquoddy, known collectively as the Wabanaki, “People of the Dawnland.” Each community maintains its own tribal government, community schools, cultural center and each manages its respective lands and natural resources.
Within the forest, Penobscot Indians were able to hunt bears, moose, caribou, beavers, and otters for pelts (used for a variety of purposes, including warmth—it gets cold during Maine winters!) and food. They also gathered much of their food, collecting nuts, berries, and birds’ eggs to augment their diet.
Wabanaki or Wa·ba·na·kis. A member of a Native American confederacy composed of the Abenaki, Maliseet, Mi’kmaq, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot peoples, formed in the mid-1700s in opposition to the Iroquois confederacy and the English colonists.
The Abenaki settled in the Sillery region of Quebec between 1676 and 1680, and subsequently, for about twenty years, lived on the banks of the Chaudière River near the falls, before settling in Odanak and Wôlinak in the early eighteenth century.
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Several distinct tribes have historically occupied the Great Basin; the modern descendents of these people are still here today. They are the Western Shoshone (a sub-group of the Shoshone ), the Goshute, the Ute, the Paiute (often divided into Northern, Southern, and Owens Valley), and the Washoe.
Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark. The frame can be shaped like a dome, like a cone, or like a rectangle with an arched roof. Once the birchbark is in place, ropes or strips of wood are wrapped around the wigwam to hold the bark in place.
Penobscot Indian Island Reservation is an Indian reservation for the Penobscot Tribe of Maine, a federally recognized tribe of the Penobscot in Penobscot County, Maine, United States, near Old Town.
Abnaki-Penobscot (Abenaki Language) Language: Abenaki-Penobscot is an Algonkian language spoken by two related tribes, the Abenaki and the Penobscot.
Wabanaki Trade and Transitions Native people’s story began long before Europeans arrived. For thousands of years, the ancestors of Maine’s present-day Native Americans have made their lives here. Known today as Abenaki, Maliseet, Micmac, Passamaquoddy, and Penobscot, these tribes are collectively called the Wabanaki.