The Southern Paiutes of Utah live in the southwestern corner of the state where the Great Basin and the Colorado Plateau meet. The Southern Paiute language is one of the northern Numic branches of the large Uto-Aztecan language family. Most scholars agree that the Paiutes entered Utah about A.D. 1100-1200.
The Paiutes were hunter-gatherers, and moved from place to place frequently as they gathered food for their families. Paiute men hunted deer, elk, buffalo, and small game, and went fishing in the rivers and lakes. Paiute women gathered roots, pine nuts, seeds and fruits.
The Paiute occupied the Great Basin desert areas of Nevada, California, Oregon, Idaho, Arizona, and Utah. Modern-day members of the tribe live on more than two dozen reservations located throughout Nevada, California, Oregon, Utah, and Arizona. The largest numbers of Paiute live in California, Nevada, and Utah.
Today Southern Paiute communities are located at Las Vegas, Pahrump, and Moapa, in Nevada; Cedar City, Kanosh, Koosharem, Shivwits, and Indian Peaks, in Utah; at Kaibab and Willow Springs, in Arizona.
The Numu ( Northern Paiute) language is a member of the Uto-Aztecan language family. It is most closely related to the language of the Owens Valley Paiute and to Mono, spoken directly on the other side of the Sierra Nevada.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.
The food that the Paiute tribe ate included Indian rice grass, also known as sandgrass, Indian millet, sandrice and silkygrass. Rice grass occurs naturally on coarse, sandy soils in the arid lands throughout the Great Basin. Other common names are sandgrass, sandrice, Indian millet, and silkygrass.
Tribes like the Comanche and Cheyenne who had horses and knew how to use them first pushed other tribes like the Apache, Wichita and Tonkawa south and west off the plains. The Apache who now live in New Mexico and in Old Mexico used to live way up in the Texas panhandle and north of Texas.
Originally, Navajo men wore breechcloths and the women wore skirts made of woven yucca fiber. Shirts were not necessary in Navajo culture, but both men and women wore deerskin ponchos or cloaks of rabbit fur in cool weather. Like most Native Americans, Navajos wore Indian shoes called moccasins on their feet.
1: a member of an American Indian people originally of Utah, Arizona, Nevada, and California. 2: either of the two Uto-Aztecan languages of the Paiute people.
Noun. 1. Piute – a member of either of two Shoshonean peoples (northern Paiute and southern Paiute ) related to the Aztecs and living in the southwestern United States. Paiute. Shoshone, Shoshoni – a member of the North American Indian people (related to the Aztecs) of the southwestern United States.
Winnemucca (Paiute leader)
|Other names||Wobitsawahkah, Mubetawaka, and Poito|
|Organization||Tribe: Kuyuidika band, Northern Paiute (born a Shoshone)|
|Known for||Northern Paiute war chief|
Original Tribes of Missouri Chickasaw. Illini. Ioway. Otoe – Missouria. Osage. Quapaw. Sac & Fox. Shawnee.
The Goshute tribe lived in the desert regions southwest of the Great Salt Lake, particularly centered in Utah where they came into conflict with the Mormons. The tribe had a hard life due to the hostile desert area they inhabited with its limited natural resources.
The Utes were some of the first American Indians to acquire the horse, possibly as early as the 1650’s. By the early 1700s, all the tribes in Utah had access to the horse, some adopting it as a means of transportation, primarily the Ute and Shoshoni, others accepting it as a source of food.