In 1854, under the pressure of encroaching settlers, the Omaha sold most of their land to the U.S. government. In 1882 the government allotted land in Nebraska that prevented the removal of the tribe to Oklahoma; somewhat later they received U.S. citizenship.
The Omaha (Omaha-Ponca: Umoⁿhoⁿ) are a federally recognized Midwestern Native American tribe who reside on the Omaha Reservation in northeastern Nebraska and western Iowa, United States.
According to “Native Americans Meet the Challenges,” by the 1850s the Pawnee, Omaha, Oto -Missouri, Ponca, Lakota, and Cheyenne were the main Great Plains tribes living in the Nebraska Territory. During the 19th century, eight Indian reservations were established, six of which have reservations within Nebraska today.
The Omaha Indians were big game hunters. During the spring and summer, the Omaha tribe followed the buffalo herds, and their diet consisted mostly of meat. In the fall, the Omahas returned to their villages to harvest corn, beans and squash.
1. Omaha (population 446,970): Omahans.
Cherokee, North American Indians of Iroquoian lineage who constituted one of the largest politically integrated tribes at the time of European colonization of the Americas. Their name is derived from a Creek word meaning “people of different speech”; many prefer to be known as Keetoowah or Tsalagi.
Chief Blackbird (Wash-ing-guh Sah-ba) (ca. 1750 – 1800) was the leader of the Omaha Native American Indian tribe who commanded the trade routes used by Spanish, French, British and later American traders until the late 18th century.
1: a member of an American Indian people of northeastern Nebraska.
State. Nebraska – The name of the state is derived from an Omaha name meaning “flat water.” In the Omaha language the name is Nibthaska; ni, water, and bthaska, flat.
Reservations. Indian reservations in Nebraska currently include land of the Ioway, Santee Sioux, Omaha, Sac and Fox, Winnebago, and Ponca. The Omaha ceded their Boone County lands to the U.S. government in 1854.
There are four federally recognized Indian tribes in Nebraska today.
Nebraska’s name is the result of anglicization of the archaic Otoe words Ñí Brásge, pronounced [ɲĩbɾasꜜkɛ] (contemporary Otoe Ñí Bráhge), or the Omaha Ní Btháska, pronounced [nĩbɫᶞasꜜka], meaning “flat water”, after the Platte River which flows through the state.
Trading was very common among the Omaha tribe. They traded fur-bearing animal hides, bison robes and other bison products. To add on, the fertile land provided great conditions for growing and trading agricultural crops, especially corn. Other crops that were traded by the Omaha tribe included wheat and potatoes.
Omaha Tribe of NE and IA History The Omaha Tribe originated because of a division within the Sioux Nation in the early 1500s. They had lived together near the junction of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers, near present-day Cincinnati, Ohio.