According to scientists who study different cultures, the first Navajo lived in western Canada some one thousand years ago. They belonged to an American Indian group called the Athapaskans and they called themselves “Dine” or “The People”.
The Native American Navajo tribe is one of the largest tribes of American Indians. They lived in the Southwest in areas that are today Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. The name ” Navajo ” comes from the Spanish who called them the Apaches of Navajo.
Anthropologists hypothesize that the Navajo split off from the Southern Athabaskans and migrated into the Southwest between 200 and 1300 A.D. Between 900 and 1525 A.D. the Navajos developed a rich and complex culture in the area of present-day northwestern New Mexico.
Archaeological and historical evidence suggests the Athabaskan ancestors of the Navajo and Apache entered the Southwest around 1400 AD. The Navajo oral tradition is transcribed to retain references to this migration. Until contact with the Pueblo and the Spanish peoples, the Navajo were largely hunters and gatherers.
1. Manuelito “Little Manuel,” 1818-1894. Manuelito is probably the best-known Navajo for the role he played in ensuring the continued existence of the Navajo people. Born in the Folded Arms People, or Bit’ahni, Manuelito was unknown until he became the headman of his group.
The interrelatedness of the universe is recognized by religious ceremonies and prayer offerings. Navajo people view the earth as a spiritual mother, with family comprising a network of Holy People and livestock as well as human relatives.
In Navajo, yatahey, pronounced / yah -ah-Teh/, is a common greeting. It literally translates to ”all is good’.
The Diné believe there are two classes of beings: the Earth People and the Holy People. The Holy People are believed to have the power to aid or harm the Earth People. Since Earth People of the Diné are an integral part of the universe, they must do everything they can to maintain harmony or balance on Mother Earth.
The Navajo and the Apache are closely related tribes, descended from a single group that scholars believe migrated from Canada. When the hunter-gatherer ancestors of the Navajo and Apache migrated south, they brought their language and nomadic lifestyle with them.
The Navajo traditionally farmed squash, corn and beans and hunted animals such as deer and prairie dogs. Corn is a staple Navajo food and is eaten fresh, ground or dried. Other popular corn – and wheat-based foods include frybread, hominy, blue bread, roast corn and wheat sprouts.
Known to its speakers as Diné, Navajo is an Athabaskan language spoken by 150,000 people. Although Navajo is the most-spoken Native American language in the U.S., it is rarely spoken outside of the Navajo reservation.
History – The People The Navajo people call themselves Dine’, literally meaning “The People.” The Dine’ speak about their arrival on the earth as a part of their story on the creation.
The four original clans of the Navajo people are Kinyaa’áanii (The Towering House clan ), Honágháahnii (One-walks-around clan ), Tódich’ii’nii (Bitter Water clan ) and Hashtł’ishnii (Mud clan ).
” Navajo ” is a Spanish adaptation of the Tewa Pueblo word navahu’u, meaning “farm fields in the valley.” Early Spanish chroniclers referred to the Navajo as Apaches de Nabajó (“Apaches who farm in the valley”), which was eventually shortened to ” Navajo.” What is clear from the history of this word is that the early
Yes. As U.S. citizens, American Indians and Alaska Natives are generally subject to federal, state, and local laws. On federal Indian reservations, however, only federal and tribal laws apply to members of the tribe, unless Congress provides otherwise.