Treaty Day, ( October 1st ) marks the beginning of Mi’kmaq History Month in Nova Scotia as proclaimed in 1993 by then Premier John Savage and Mi’kmaq Grand Chief Ben Sylliboy.
The Union of Nova Scotia Indians tribal council represents the five First Nation communities within Cape Breton (We’koqma’q, Wagmatcook, Membertou, Eskasoni, and Chapel Island First Nations ) along with Acadia First Nation on the Mainland.
un micmac (mik-mak): an intrigue, a scheme, or a secret practice with a guilty–or seemingly guilty–aim.
The Mi ‘ kmaq people were a sect of aboriginal people who lived on the east coast of Canada, and area now called Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. Others lived in the New Brunswick area. This group was the first aboriginal people to meet the Europeans when they arrived in Canada.
Because it is plural, the word Mi ‘ kmaq always refers to more than one Mi ‘kmaw person or to the entire nation.
Transcript. NARRATOR: Although the community traces its roots back to at least the 1700s, many of its members were assimilated, often through marriage into the Catholic church, which became the predominant religion of Mi ‘ kmaq people.
The Micmacs of eastern Canada and the northeastern corner of the United States (who prefer the phonetic spelling Mi’kmaq ) first appeared in their homeland approximately ten thousand years ago. They call the region Mi’kma’ki.
History. The first peoples in what is now Nova Scotia were the Mi’kmaq, who belonged to a wider coalition known as the Wabanaki Confederacy, whose members were in turn part of the Algonquin -language family in eastern North America. The Mi’kmaq presence can be traced as far back as 10,000 years.
The settlers whose descendants became Acadians primarily came from the southwestern and southern regions of France, historically known as Occitania, while some Acadians are also descended from the Indigenous peoples of the region.
Chapel Island, NS, Elder, Lillian Marshall, says the Mi ‘ kmaq were fisher-hunter-gatherers. ” Their main foods were meat, fish, wild plants and berries,” she says. Meat and fish were dried and smoked to preserve them.
The traditional aboriginal government of the Mi ‘ kmaq Nation is known as the Grand Council. Historically, the government consisted of local chiefs, selected according to clans (extended family groups) living within each district.
Aboriginal Mi ‘ kmaq clothing was made from the skins of the animals they killed. Deer and moose skins were fashioned into leggings, sleeves, breechclouts and moccasins, all of which were worn by both men and women. In winter fur robes would be added.