Mi’kmaq, also spelled Micmac, the largest of the Native American (First Nations) peoples traditionally occupying what are now Canada’s eastern Maritime Provinces (Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island) and parts of the present U.S. states of Maine and Massachusetts. 6 дней назад
The name of the language in Mi’kmaq is mi’kmawi’simk. It is part of the Algonquian language family that is part of the larger Algic language family. With approximately 8,100 speakers the language is currently considered threatened of extinction. Mi’kmaq people also speak English or French (minority in Quebec).
Because it is plural, the word Mi’kmaq always refers to more than one Mi’kmaw person or to the entire nation.
The Micmac came under the authority of the Canadian government in 1867.
Transcript. NARRATOR: Although the community traces its roots back to at least the 1700s, many of its members were assimilated, often through marriage into the Catholic church, which became the predominant religion of Mi ‘ kmaq people.
Fish of all kinds, including salmon and sturgeon, plus porpoises, whales, walrus, seals, lobster, squid, shellfish, eels and seabirds with their eggs made up the bulk of their diet. They also ate moose, caribou, beaver and porcupine, as well as smaller animals, like squirrels.
Below are samples of simple conversations with their English translations demonstrating the basic greetings in Mi ‘ kmaq. WikiLang/ Mi ‘ kmaq Lesson 1: Greetings.
|Mi ‘ kmaq text||English translation|
|– Kwe’, welta’si na’ nike’ pekisin. – Kwe’, wela’lin wet-tluen.||– Hello, I’m glad you came. – Hello, thank you for saying that.|
The Mi ‘ kmaq (properly pronounced ‘meeg mah’, and also spelled Míkmaq) were the dominant tribe in the Canadian Maritimes, but in most ways other than language, they were similar to the Maliseet in New Brunswick and the Abenaki of northern New England.
Qalipu Mi ‘ kmaq First Nation, which includes Mi ‘ kmaq from all across Newfoundland, stands to become the largest First Nation band in Canada with more than 104,000 applicants for membership since 2008. Qalipu, which means “caribou” in Mi ‘ kmaq, is a “new” band, having been officially established in 2011.
The Micmacs of eastern Canada and the northeastern corner of the United States (who prefer the phonetic spelling Mi’kmaq ) first appeared in their homeland approximately ten thousand years ago. They call the region Mi’kma’ki.
Mi ‘ kmaq comes from a word in their own language meaning “my friends”, which is now the preferred tribal name. Several English words are borrowed from the Mi ‘ kmaq language, including “caribou” and “toboggan”.
The Mi ‘ kmaq held them in the highest regard and accorded them the utmost respect. Their advice and guidance was considered to be essential to the decision -making process, and thus no major decision was made without their full participation.
Mi’kmaq share close ties with other local peoples, including the Maliseet and Passamaquoddy. With the Maliseet, Passamaquoddy, Penobscot and Abenaki peoples, the Mi’kmaq make up the Wabanaki Confederacy, a confederation of nations politically active at least from contact with Europeans to the present.
These kettles were so heavy that the Micmac made one for each place where they spent a lot of time. They would have a kettle at their coastal site and at the up-river places where they trapped salmon and eels. To cook food, the kettle was filled with water and hot stones were dropped in using a pair of wooden tongs.
The traditional aboriginal government of the Mi ‘ kmaq Nation is known as the Grand Council. Historically, the government consisted of local chiefs, selected according to clans (extended family groups) living within each district.