Michigan, and the Great Lakes area, was originally populated by the Potawatomi, Sauk, Fox, Huron, Ottawa, Kickapoo, Ojibwe – also known as the Chippewa, and Menominee Indians.
There are eleven federally recognized Indian tribes in Michigan today.
The primary Native American languages in Michigan are Ojibwe, Odawa, & Potawatomi, all of which are dialects of Algonquin. The name of Michigan itself is derived from Ottawa “mishigami” meaning “large water” or “great water” in reference to the Great Lakes.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.
The Augustine Band of Cahuilla Indians is a federally recognized Cahuilla band of Native Americans based in Coachella, California. They are one of the smallest tribal nations in the United States, consisting of only eight members, only one of whom is an adult.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
Michigander and Michiganian are unofficial demonyms for natives and residents of the U.S. state of Michigan. Less common alternatives include Michiganer, Michiganite, Michiganese, and Michigine.
All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes. State income taxes are not paid on reservation or trust lands.
Pure Michigan began as an advertising campaign launched in 2008 by the state of Michigan, featuring the voice of actor and comedian Tim Allen, using the title song from The Cider House Rules as the background music in television commercials.
Detroit, as we know it today, was named by the French but indigenous people had no less than four names for the area. The name varied depending on the tribe, according to the book This Is Detroit: 1701-2001.
Michigan is famous for being the bedrock of America’s auto industry, but the Great Lake State is as perfect a state as they come. Even Popular Science magazine has given it a seal of approval by noting that Michigan will be the best place to live in America by the year 2100.
What is the correct terminology: American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native? All of these terms are acceptable. The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name.
The number of people in the U.S. identifying as American Indian has climbed in recent years, with California, Arizona and Oklahoma accounting for the largest concentration of the nation’s American Indian and Alaska Native populations, according to a new USAFacts analysis of Census Bureau data.
The Cherokee tribe is the second most common, with 285,476 Americans identifying with that group. 2010 Census Data.