Tribes/Ethnic Groups: Mali is the home of many tribes, including the Mande (which includes the Bambara, Dialonke, Dyula, Malinke, Mandinka, Mende, Soninke, and Susu), Fulani (also called the Peul, nomadic cattle herders), Voltaic, Songhay, Tuareg, Moor, Tuareg (often called the blue people of the desert, because the
Mali is famous for its salt mines. In the past, Mali was one of the richest countries, home to great emperors whose wealth came mainly from the region’s position in the cross-Sahara trade routes between West Africa and the north. Timbuktu was an important centre of Islamic learning.
1200- ) The Mali Empire was the second of three West African empires to emerge in the vast savanna grasslands located between the Sahara Desert to the north and the coastal rain forest in the south. Sundiata’s conquest in 1235 is considered the founding of the Malian Empire.
The great wealth of Mali came from gold and salt mines. The capital city of the empire was Niani. Other important cities included Timbuktu, Gao, Djenne, and Walata. The Mali Empire controlled important trade routes across the Sahara Desert to Europe and the Middle East.
Sure, the Maghreb states are members of the Arab League, but so is Djibouti (and the exclusion of non- Arab Israel, Iran or Turkey rarely makes people define them out of the “Middle East”). So no, Mali isn’t part of the Middle East.
Most of the residents in the southwest and along the Niger River are black -skinned, though not all are of the same ethnicity. The northern half of the country has historically been more diverse.
Country Summary: Violent crime, such as kidnapping and armed robbery, is common in Mali. Violent crime is a particular concern during local holidays and seasonal events in Bamako, its suburbs, and Mali’s southern regions. Terrorist and armed groups continue plotting kidnappings and attacks in Mali.
1. Botswana (1.676 GPI score) Botswana is the safest country in Africa and 30th safest country in the world. A 1.676 Global Peace Index score makes it safer than the UK or Spain.
Another contributing factor to why Mali is poor is the military coup that took place in the country in 2012. Due to fragile security and attacks on United Nations forces and the Malian army by terrorist groups in the northern regions, putting the program into action is difficult.
Musa I (c. 1280 – c. 1337 ), or Mansa Musa, was the tenth Mansa (a military title meaning “conqueror” or “emperor”) of the Mali Empire, an Islamic West African state. He has been described as the wealthiest individual in all human history.
The Empire of Mali was also a multi-ethnic and multi-linguistic empire, and Islam was the dominant religion [xviii]. Mali’s rulers adopted the title of ‘Mansa’ [xix].
|Mali Empire Nyeni (Bambara) after c. 1230: Manden Kurufaba (Bambara)|
|Preceded by Succeeded by Ghana Empire Gao Empire Songhai Empire Jolof Empire Kaabu Empire Empire of Great Fulo|
|Today part of||Guinea Mali Senegal Gambia Mauritania Niger Guinea Bissau|
Following the withdrawal of Senegal from the federation in August 1960, the former Sudanese Republic became the Republic of Mali on 22 September 1960, with Modibo Keïta as president.
During the 9th century, Muslim Berber and Tuareg merchants brought Islam southward into West Africa. Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim who was reported to have built various major mosques throughout the Mali sphere of influence; his gold-laden pilgrimage to Mecca made him a well-known figure in the historical record.
the people in this area are very prone to violence, and so it is a bad idea to make eye contact with any of the locals. Timbuktu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988. In 1990, it was added to the list of world heritage sites in danger, due to the threat of desert sands.