The Kootenai Tribe of Idaho is located in the northern tip of Idaho a few miles south of the Canadian line along the Kootenai River.
The word Kootenai, pronounced KOOT-nee, or KOOT-nay, depending on which side of the US-Canadian border you are on, refers to the Native American people of the region. They were originally called the Ksunka, meaning “People of the Standing Arrow.” To them, standing arrow meant strength, unity and dexterity.
The Kootenai people lived along the Kootenai River in Idaho, Montana, and British Columbia. They were hunter-gatherers, and salmon was an important staple to their diets. They have permanent winter villages of cone-shaped houses made from wooden poles and rush mats.
The Upper Kootenai remained oriented toward the Plains, whereas the Lower Kootenai assumed a more Plateaulike existence. Their self-designation was San’ka, “People of the Waters.” Location The Kootenai may once have lived east of the Rockies, perhaps as far east as Lake Michigan.
There are five federally recognized tribes are located in the state of Idaho: the Shoshone-Bannock, the Shoshone-Paiute, the Coeur d’Alene, the Kootenai, and the Nez Perce.
The Kutenai language (/ˈkuːtəneɪ, -i/), also Kootenai, Kootenay, Ktunaxa, and Ksanka, is the native language of the Kutenai people of Montana and Idaho in the United States and British Columbia in Canada.
According to Boise State Public Radio, an NPR affiliate, it’s pronounced [əˈsikwi. ə] (in IPA) or something like “uh-SEE-kwee-uh” using English orthography. It’s like “obsequious” without the [b] or the last [s].
Coeur d ‘ Alene is the name of an American Indian tribe who lived in the area and called themselves the Schitsu’umsh. They got the name Coeur d ‘ Alene, which means “heart of an awl,” from French-Canadian fur traders. Kootenai (KOO-tun-ee), the name of another Native American people, is a county in North Idaho.
The Ktunaxa (Kootenay) are an Indigenous people who traditionally occupied territories in southeastern British Columbia, as well as in parts of Alberta, Idaho, Montana and Washington. The term “Kootenay” may be an anglicized form of an old Ktunaxa word.
The Navajo Nation reservation is spread out over parts of the three states of Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah. It is the largest reservation in the country with 27,425square miles that 173,667 people call home.
The main source of food for the Indians was: Salmon, white fish, trout, suckers, sturgeon and squawfish. Big game hunting included the following: Big-horn sheep, Rocky Mountain goat, grizzly, brown and black bear, moose, elk, white tail, black tail, and mule deer and woodland caribou.
On July 16th of 1855 at Council Grove near Missoula, eighteen tribal leaders reluctantly signed the agreement with the U.S. government which established the Flathead Indian Reservation with headquarters in the Jocko Valley near present day Arlee.
Explanation: The Athabaskan people were a number of Indian tribes who lived in the forested and mountainous area of the Cordilleran region in Canada.
Food of the Ktunaxa The food of the First Nations of the Plateau manly consisted of fish and vegetation. Some of the salmon they had to first catch was slow cooked over a fire and stored underground pits lined with birch bark for the winter provisions.