Typical of the plains Indians, the Kiowa were a warrior people. They fought frequently with enemies both neighboring and far beyond their territory. The Kiowa were notable even among plains Indians for their long-distance raids, including raids far south into Mexico and north onto the northern plains.
The name Kiowa (pronounced KIE-uh-wuh) comes from the Comanche word “Kaigwa,” meaning “two halves differ,” describing Kiowa warriors who cut their hair on only one side and left the other side long. It later evolved into the name “ Kiowa,” which means “the Principal People” to the tribe.
It has been archaeologically recorded that the Kiowa originated in the Kootenay Region of British Columbia, Canada. The tribe then migrated to Western Montana and continued to move until they inhabited present day Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas.
Kiowa tribe accompanied on the migration by Kiowa Apache, a small southern Apache band that became closely associated with the Kiowa. Guided by the Crow, the Kiowa learned the technologies and customs of the Plains Indians and eventually formed a lasting peace with the Comanche, Arapaho, and Southern Cheyenne.
Note: There isn’t a word for ” hello” in Kiowa; “hā́chò?” means something like “how’s it going?” There have been many orthographies devised for writing Kiowa, but none are official.
The Kiowa are a tribe of Native Americans currently based on a reservation in Oklahoma. The creation myth for their people states that a trickster turned them into ants and made them leave their underground homes. Historically, they were hunter-gatherers and had a horse-based culture.
Traditional Kiowa religion included the belief that dreams and visions gave individuals supernatural power in war, hunting, and healing. Ten medicine bundles, believed to protect the tribe, became central in the Kiowan Sun Dance.
Kiowa women wore long deerskin dresses painted with yellow and green tribal designs.. Kiowa men wore leather leggings, and usually went shirtless. Like most Native Americans, the Kiowas wore moccasins on their feet.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
How did the Kiowa tribe show strong belief in Leadership? They were divided into a hierarchy. What activities of the Caddo resemble modern culture? Pottery, intricate carving, tattoos, and piercings.
They were friends and close allies with the Comanche who lived in the same region. Like the Comanche, they lived in tee-pees. Tee-pees are easy to move and being nomads the Kiowa moved all the time. They moved to follow buffalo herds.
Aside from linguistic differences, the Kiowa Apaches were practically indistinguishable from the Kiowa proper. They were buffalo-hunting, tepee-dwelling, horse and travois nomads, with soldier societies and medicine bundles (four). They participated in the annual Kiowa sun dance and camp circle.
Language: Apache is an Athabaskan (Na-Dene) language of the American Southwest, particularly Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas.
The Apache ate a wide variety of food, but their main staple was corn, also called maize, and meat from the buffalo. They also gathered food such as berries and acorns. Another traditional food was roasted agave, which was roasted for many days in a pit. Some Apaches hunted other animals like deer and rabbits.