Interesting Facts about the Inuit A member of the Inuit people is called an Inuk. The warm soft boots worn by the Inuit are called mukluks or kamik. In order to mark areas and to keep from getting lost, paths were marked with a pile of stones called an inuksuk.
Summary and Definition: The Inuit tribe were a hardy people who were nomadic fishermen and hunters. The Inuit tribe lived on the western and northern coasts along the Bering Sea and the Arctic Ocean. They survived the harsh climate in igloos made of snow bricks or in tepee-shaped tents.
One pastime the Inuit children enjoyed was games. Children spent a lot of time outside playing tag or hide and seek or pretending to hunt. But there were other games for the young and old during the long, dark winter months, when there was little else to do.
Inuit are the descendants of what anthropologists call the Thule people, who emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE. They had split from the related Aleut group about 4000 years ago and from northeastern Siberian migrants.
Actually, Inuktitut isn’t a difficult language to learn. It can be learned, should be learned, and must be learned.
While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities. Igloos also retain practical value: some hunters and those seeking emergency shelter still use them. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.)
This makes the Inuit population an exception of the latitude-correlated distribution of skin color. One possible reason is that the dark skin could protect the Inuits from the severe UV exposure because of the long daylight hours in winter and high levels of UV reflection from the snow.
Among the problems the Inuit face is permafrost melting, which has destroyed the foundations of houses, eroded the seashore and forced people to move inland. Airport runways, roads and harbours are also collapsing.
Inuit is the contemporary term for ” Eskimo “. First Nation is the contemporary term for “Indian”. Inuit are “Aboriginal” or ” First Peoples “, but are not ” First Nations “, because ” First Nations ” are Indians. Inuit are not Indians.
Some people consider Eskimo offensive, because it is popularly perceived to mean “eaters of raw meat” in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.
Traditional Inuit religious practices include animism and shamanism, in which spiritual healers mediate with spirits. Today many Inuit follow Christianity, but traditional Inuit spirituality continues as part of a living, oral tradition and part of contemporary Inuit society.
Eskimo, any member of a group of peoples who, with the closely related Aleuts, constitute the chief element in the indigenous population of the Arctic and subarctic regions of Greenland, Canada, the United States, and far eastern Russia (Siberia).
For 5,000 years, the people and culture known throughout the world as Inuit have occupied the vast territory stretching from the shores of the Chukchi Peninsula of Russia, east across Alaska and Canada, to the southeastern coast of Greenland.
” Inuit,” meaning “people,” is used in Canada, and the language is called “Inuktitut” in eastern Canada although other local designations are used also.
The principal peoples of the Arctic are: The Inuit. The Sami.