The clothes worn by the men included breechclouts, leggings, shirts, long cloaks and shoulder to waist length mantles. The blackened skins of deer (buckskin) and beaver were used to make their clothing and borders were often dyed red. Huron women wore wraparound skirts, dresses and cloaks.
Wyandot men wore breechcloths and leggings. In winter they would also wear deerskin tunics. Wyandot women wore wraparound skirts with poncho-style blouses or deerskin dresses with removable sleeves. Like most Native Americans, Wyandot people wore moccasins on their feet.
However, the Huron – Wendat First Nation still remains (located in Wendake, Quebec) and as of July 2018, the nation had 4,056 registered members. The Huron – Wendat are an Iroquoian-speaking nation that have occupied the St. Huron – Wendat.
|Published Online||January 4, 2011|
|Last Edited||October 10, 2018|
The Huron gradually reestablished some influence in Ohio and Michigan, but the U.S. government eventually forced tribal members to sell their lands. They subsequently migrated to Kansas and then to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma).
The Huron -Wendat Nation is based in Wendake, now within the Quebec City limits, and it has approximately 3,000 members. They are primarily Catholic in religion and speak French as a first language. They have begun to promote the study and use of the Wyandot language among their children.
Their crops were their main source of food. Corn, squash, and beans were staples in the Huron diet. They also farmed tobacco (mainly for trade) and sunflower. They would also hunt bear and deer and other animals and fish for whitefish.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Hurons, meaning “boar’s head,” came from the Old French hure, which referred to the male Hurons ‘ bristly coiffure. The name also meant “rough” and “boorish.” Although the French gave them this name, the Hurons called themselves Wendat, Guyandot, or Wyandot.
Wyandot, or Wyandotte, also known as Huron, was spoken near the south end of Georgian Bay off Lake Huron in the 17th century. The Wyandot language is a member of the Lake Iroquoian branch of the Iroquoian language family. Closely related languages include Laurentian, Cayuga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, and Onondaga.
In the early 1640s, the war began in earnest with Iroquois attacks on frontier Huron villages along the St. Lawrence River in order to disrupt the trade with the French. The French decided to become directly involved in the conflict. The Huron and the Iroquois had an estimated 25,000 to 30,000 members each.
Living between Lake Simcoe and the southeastern corner of Georgian Bay, 20,000 to 40, 000 of these Indians lived in 18 to 25 villages. Settling between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario, these Indians were significant to both the Americans and the Canadians.
The three village chiefs were: Walk-In-The-Water, Lame Hand and Splitlog, the brother of Round Head. All acknowledged Tarhe as Titula, leader of the nation, but at the same times, each went their own way as in the War of 1812. By the end of the war, Warrow had emerged as village chief of the Canadian Wyandots.
For entertainment, the Huron – Wendat listen to stories, danced and played games like charades. The stories were most often connected to their history and traditions, recounting significant events in the past. Dances were typically part of rituals or ceremonies.
Then the Hurons became trading partners of New France. The Iroquois felt threatened by this new powerful alliance between the French and the Hurons. They made many raids on the Hurons, and by the middle of the century, virtually wiped them out. The remainder fled to Quebec for protection by the French colonists.
In fact, both tribes still exist today. But there were no Mohicans. The Mahican people (their ancestral name was “Muh-he-con-neok,” or “People of the waters that are never still”) were forced out of the Hudson River Valley into western Massachusetts, around Stockbridge, and called the Stockbridge Indians.