The Hupa are a tribe located in the northwestern part of California. Other names for the Hupa include: Nabiltse, Natano, and Trinity Indians. The Hoopa Tribe were named after the six-mile long Hoopa Valley located on their land.
Hupa descendants have since been incorporated into mainly into the Hoopa Valley Indian Reservation and another tribes: Hoopa Valley Tribe (Hoopa, Humboldt County, Population 2013: 3,139) ( Hupa, Tsnungwe, Chimalakwe, Chilula, Whilkut)
The Hupas were fishing people. Hupa men caught salmon and other fish. They also sometimes hunted deer and small game. Hupa women gathered acorns and ground them into meal to bake bread with, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants.
The Hupa Indians are known for producing beautiful elk horn carvings and rock engravings. Smoking was an important part of Hupa culture. Hupa Indian men made elaborate pipes. The Hupa Indians are known for their beautiful basketry.
The recitation of magical formulas was an important part of traditional Hupa religion. Shamanism was also common; shamans’ fees were paid in dentalium shells or deerskin blankets. Three major dances were held annually for the benefit of the community, as were spring and fall ceremonial feasts.
The Miwok people were decimated by the diseases brought by the invaders and subjected to atrocities. Following the short-lived Mariposa Indian War (1850) those who survived were forced on to various reservations.
Hupa (native name: Na꞉tinixwe Mixine꞉wheʼ, lit. “language of the Hoopa Valley people”) is an Athabaskan language (of Na-Dené stock) spoken along the lower course of the Trinity River in Northwestern California by the Hupa (Na꞉tinixwe) and, before European contact, by the Chilula and Whilkut peoples, to the west.
Their traditional houses were made of redwood or cedar. Clothing: The men wore a breechclout of deerskin or of skins of small animals joined together, and leggings to their knees of painted deerskin. Their moccasins were made of deerskin with soles of elk hide.
Freebase. Hupa. Hupa, also spelled Hoopa, is a Native American tribe in northwestern California. Their autonym is Natinixwe, also spelled Natinookwa, meaning “People of the Place Where the Trails Return.”
For tools the Chumash used needles, fishhooks, sandpaper, spear, atl-atl, fishnets, tomols-plank canoes, and bow and arrow. The Chumash tribe was famous for its art, rock paintings.
Chumash, any of several related North American Indian groups speaking a Hokan language. They originally lived in what are now the California coastlands and adjacent inland areas from Malibu northward to Estero Bay, and on the three northern Channel Islands off Santa Barbara.
Because of the mild climate, California peoples wore little clothing. Women typically wore a short skirt made of animal skin or plant fibers, especially those of bark. Men wore a breechcloth or nothing at all. For protection from wind and rain, both men and women used skin robes.
Rancherias are small parcels of land that California Indians have partial control over. In the past, each Yurok village was ruled by the wealthiest man in town. Today, since the rancherias are home to Indians from many different tribes, they are ruled by tribal councils which are elected by all the residents.
The Chumash wanted nothing to do with this, as they felt they would be disrespecting their ancestors and tribal tradition. They started to move their villages away, from the Spanish and found missions that were being built on the coast of California in 1772 and decided to settle there.