Located in Northern Arizona atop three large mesas are the Hopi pueblos. In addition to the distinct designs that Nampeyo revived, Hopi pottery is also known for it wonderful blushes. The blushes are created by a combination of the natural iron rich clay and the pit firing technique.
Modern Hopi potters make their pottery in the traditional manner. The clay is hand dug on the Hopi mesas and hand processed. The pots are carefully hand constructed using the coil and scrape techniques their ancestors taught them. The paints used are from naturally occurring materials.
Hopi Indians are known for their woven items, Kachina dolls, and pottery. Hopi arts and crafts that came into being in ancient times and that are still being produced today are pottery, basketry, and textiles. They still play roles in everyday and ceremonial life, but they now also are made for commercial purposes.
They planted crops of corn, beans, and squash, as well as cotton and tobacco, and raised turkeys for their meat. Hopi men also hunted deer, antelope, and small game, while women gathered nuts, fruits, and herbs. Favorite Hopi recipes included hominy, baked beans, soups, and different types of cornbread.
The Hopi people trace their history in Arizona to more than 2,000 years, but their history as a people goes back many more thousands of years. According to their legends, the Hopi migrated north to Arizona from the south, up from what is now South America, Central America and Mexico.
The buffalo was the most important natural resource of the Plains Indians. The Plains Indians were hunters. They hunted many kinds of animals, but it was the buffalo which provided them with all of their basic needs: food, clothing, and shelter.
Why did the Native Americans of the Southwest have to develop irrigation systems? Because the region was too dry and they could not grow crops without it.
The Hopi Tribe is a sovereign nation located in northeastern Arizona. The reservation occupies part of Coconino and Navajo counties, encompasses more than 1.5 million acres, and is made up of 12 villages on three mesas.
|HOPI||Home Ownership Preservation Initiative (Neighborhood Housing Services of Chicago)|
|HOPI||Hybrid Optical and Packet Infrastructure|
|HOPI||History of Present Illness|
|HOPI||Horizontal Project for Integration|
Kachina, Hopi katsina, in traditional religions of the Pueblo Indians of North America, any of more than 500 divine and ancestral spirit beings who interact with humans. Each Pueblo culture has distinct forms and variations of kachinas. Hopi kachina of Laqán, the squirrel spirit.
The Hopi call themselves “Hopituh Shi-nu-mu,” meaning “The Peaceful People” or “Peaceful Little Ones.” Like many Native American tribes, the Hopi are organized into clans, focusing on the matrilineal lines will help those searching for Hopi ancestors.
The Hopi tribe are strongly associated with Kachina dolls. The Hopi did not paint their faces or bodies except for special religious ceremonies. The ceremonies of the Hopi tribe were elaborate in nature, and in the famous “snake-dance” the performers carry live rattlesnakes in their mouths.
The Hopi are known for their “piki” bread which is made of a thin blue corn flour gruel cooked into paper-thin sheets. Piki bread is made on a large slab of rock that has been treated with piñon gum to give it a smooth surface. The slab is heated over a fire and the blue corn gruel is spread on the rock to cook.