Hopi katsina figures ( Hopi language: tithu or katsintithu), also known as kachina dolls, are figures carved, typically from cottonwood root, by Hopi people to instruct young girls and new brides about katsinas or katsinam, the immortal beings that bring rain, control other aspects of the natural world and society, and
The main tribe using Kachina dolls is the Hopi; however, other tribes also use them. The Aguna, Zuni, and Laguna Pueblos include Kachina dolls in their cultural heritage.
Kachina Dolls are gifts given in hope of future abundance and health, as well as tools for education. When the Kachinas return to the spirit world at the end of the planting, they return with prayers of the Hopi that we might all continue on this earth for another round in the circle of life.
Although not worshipped, each kachina is viewed as a powerful being who inspires only respect and honor and, if given that respect, can use their powers for human good: to bring rainfall, healing, protection and fertility. Hopi kachina dolls are neither idols to be worshipped nor icons to pray to.
Kachinas are spirits or personifications of things in the real world. A kachina can represent anything in the natural world or cosmos, from a revered ancestor to an element, a location, a quality, a natural phenomenon, or a concept.
Today, both old and new kachina dolls are among the most desirable collectibles in the Native American crafts market, and sell for a few hundred dollars, up to as much as $250,000 — the price paid for an early and rare traditional kachina.
How and Why the Hopi Carve Kachina Dolls. For the Hopi, who farm on and around three high desert mesas, water, in any form, is essential.
The Navajo and Hopi tribes have occupied the same territory for centuries, though Navajos tended to be more nomadic sheepherders and Hopis mostly resided on three mesas towering above the surrounding desert. In 1882, President Chester Arthur designated 2.4 million acres in Arizona for the Hopi Tribe and other Indians.
Kachina, Hopi katsina, in traditional religions of the Pueblo Indians of North America, any of more than 500 divine and ancestral spirit beings who interact with humans. Each Pueblo culture has distinct forms and variations of kachinas. Hopi kachina of Laqán, the squirrel spirit.
The Mudhead Kachina (Koyemsi), is a clown who appears in many Hopi ceremonies. They entertain the crowds with drumming, dancing and games. They organize events/competitions and award prizes to participants.
Kokopelli is probably the most well known Kachina. He is known as the hunchback flute player who plays his flute to bring rain and also to attract women. The Kokopelli is a fertility god. He is a baby maker, and his hump, along with his pouch, is filled with beautiful gifts to distribute to the women he attracts.
The Hopi Tribe is a sovereign nation located in northeastern Arizona. The reservation occupies part of Coconino and Navajo counties, encompasses more than 1.5 million acres, and is made up of 12 villages on three mesas.
What are kachina spirits? The Hopi believe that the intervention of these spirits will inspire rain to ensure the success of their crops.