Flathead, North American Indian tribe of what is now western Montana, U.S., whose original territory extended from the crest of the Bitterroot Range to the Continental Divide of the Rocky Mountains and centred on the upper reaches of the Clark Fork of the Columbia River.
The peoples of this area were named Flathead Indians by Europeans who came to the area. The name was originally applied to various Salish peoples, based on the practice of artificial cranial deformation by some of the groups, though the modern groups associated with the Flathead Reservation never engaged in it.
The People The Flathead Indian Reservation is home to the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes ( CSKT ). The tribes are a combination of the Salish, the Pend d’Oreille and the Kootenai.
The term Flathead was the nickname given by Europeans to any Native Americans who intentionally changed the shape of their heads to a flat, elongated profile. These tribes included the Coast Salish, the Chinooks, the Clatsop, Kathlamet, Killamuck, Winnapa, Cowlitz, Kwalhioquas and the Wahkiakum tribes.
The Salish or Séliš language /ˈseɪlɪʃ/, also known as Kalispel–Pend d’oreille, Kalispel –Spokane–Flathead, or, to distinguish it from the Salish language family to which it gave its name, Montana Salish, is a Salishan language spoken (as of 2005) by about 64 elders of the Flathead Nation in north central Montana and of
The Niitsitapi, also known as the Blackfoot or Blackfeet Indians, reside in the Great Plains of Montana and the Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Only one of the Niitsitapi tribes are called Blackfoot or Siksika. The name is said to have come from the color of the peoples’ moccasins, made of leather.
The name Sioux is an abbreviation of Nadouessioux (“Adders”; i.e., enemies), a name originally applied to them by the Ojibwa. The Santee, also known as the Eastern Sioux, were Dakota speakers and comprised the Mdewkanton, Wahpeton, Wahpekute, and Sisseton.
1: a group of American Indian peoples of British Columbia and the northwestern U.S. 2: the family of languages spoken by the Salish peoples.
Placing tribal land into trust is a process whereby the secretary of the Department of the Interior acquires title to property and holds it for the benefit of a Native American tribe or individual tribal members.
Under the cooperative management agreement between the Tribes and the State of Montana, thousands of acres on the Flathead Reservation are open to non-Tribal members for fishing and bird hunting on the Flathead Reservation.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States.
The elite of some tribes had the practice of head binding, flattening their children’s forehead and top of the skull as a mark of social status. They bound the infant’s head under pressure between boards when the infant was about 3 months old and continued until the child was about one year of age.
Within the U.S., there are 562 Native American tribes. The largest are Navajo, Cherokee and Sioux. More than 3 million people in the U.S. are Native people.
The reservation is home to 56% of the enrolled tribal members and is the largest Indian population in Montana. There are three branches of the Blackfeet peoples-the Northern Blackfeet ( Siksika ), the Blood and the Piegan or Pikuni. The tribe call themselves ” Niitsitapi ” (nee-itsee-TAH-peh) meaning “the real people.”