Besides hunting and trapping buffalo, the Miami’s also farmed a great amount of white corn, in which they would trade with other tribes during the 18th century. They would also trade with the French and English between the borders of Ohio and Illinois.
The Miami obtained most of their food by farming. Their most important crop was corn (maize), but they also grew melons, squash, beans, and pumpkins. After the harvest they left their villages to go on their annual buffalo (bison) hunt on the prairie.
Miami is a Native American nation originally speaking one of the Algonquian languages. Among the peoples known as the Great Lakes tribes, it occupied territory that is now identified as Indiana, southwest Michigan, and western Ohio.
The name Miami derives from Myaamia (plural Myaamiaki), the tribe’s autonym ( name for themselves) in their Algonquian language of Miami -Illinois. Some Miami have stated that this was only a name used by other tribes for the Miami, and not their autonym.
The city’s name is derived from the Miami River, which is ultimately derived from the Mayaimi people who lived in the area at the time of European colonization. Though spelled the same in English, the Florida city’s name has nothing to do with the Miami people who lived in a completely different part of North America.
Miami women wore skirts with leggings. Miami men wore breechcloths. The Miamis did wear shirts in cool weather, but even in wintertime, Miami men didn’t wear long pants Miami Indians also wore leather moccasins on their feet.
The Illinois spoke a language in the Algonquian language family called ” Miami-Illinois.” Miami and Illinois peoples could easily understand one another. The only differences in their speech were different ways of pronouncing certain words.
The Miami natives originally lived in Indiana, Illinois, and southern Michigan at the time of European colonization of North America. They moved into the Maumee Valley around 1700. They soon became the most powerful American Indian tribe in Ohio.
The Miami Tribe people were farmers. They grew food crops which included beans, corn and squash. The Miami Tribesmen were expert hunters and they mostly hunted wild buffaloes. They used fire to drive the buffalo towards the hunters.
The name Miami comes from the Calusa word “Mayami,” meaning “Big Water.” Tequesta—or Chequescha—their village on the north bank of the river, became the site of the future city of Miami.
Albert Hood of Oklahoma City wants to know the correct pronunciation of ” Miami.” Albert says he’s heard that the original pronunciation of the tribal name was “My-AH-ma.” “But usually we hear “My-AH-Mee,” he said.
Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. Eastern Shoshone Tribe of the Wind River Reservation, Wyoming. Elem Indian Colony of Pomo Indians of the Sulphur Bank Rancheria, California. Elk Valley Rancheria, California. Ely Shoshone Tribe of Nevada. Enterprise Rancheria of Maidu Indians of California.
The 6 Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy Mohawk. The Mohawk, or Kanien’kehá:ka (“People of the Flint”), were the easternmost people of the early Iroquois Confederacy. Oneida. For most of the historic era, the Oneida lived in a single village near Lake Oneida in north-central New York state. Onondaga. Cayuga. Seneca. Tuscarora.
They are known to us today as the Wendat (also known as Huron,) Neutral-Wenro, Erie, Laurentian (or St. Lawrence Iroquoian,) Susquehannock, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, Tuscarora, Nottaway, and Cherokee.