The original Dakota homelands were in what is now Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North Dakota and South Dakota. The Dakotas traveled freely, however, and there was also significant Dakota presence in the modern states of Iowa, Nebraska, Montana, and northern Illinois, and in south-central Canada.
They gathered wild rice, hunted woodland animals and used canoes to fish. Wars with the Ojibwe throughout the 1700s pushed the Dakota into southern Minnesota, where the Western Dakota (Yankton, Yanktonai) and Teton (Lakota) were residing.
Led by Taoyateduta (also known as Little Crow), the Dakota attacked local agencies and the settlement of New Ulm. Over 500 white settlers lost their lives along with about 150 Dakota warriors.
There is no real difference. ” Lakota ” and ” Dakota ” are different pronunciations of the same tribal name, which means “the allies.” One Sioux dialect has the letter “L” in it, and the other dialect does not.
The Teton, also referred to as the Western Sioux, spoke Lakota and had seven divisions—the Sihasapa, or Blackfoot; Brulé (Upper and Lower); Hunkpapa; Miniconjou; Oglala; Sans Arcs; and Oohenonpa, or Two-Kettle.
Dakota (pronounced Dah-KO-tah) is the tribe’s name for themselves and may mean “friend” or “ally.” It comes from the Santee word, Dahkota, sometimes translated as “alliance of friends.” Another meaning for the name is “those who consider themselves kindred.” The Dakota are also known as the Santee Sioux.
They believed in the Great Spirit, and they were deeply spiritual. They believed that all humans, animals, birds, fish, and plants had equal value and needed to be treated with the same respect. Each tribe had its own spiritual ideas.
North Dakota and South Dakota Were Admitted to the Union. After controversy over the location of a capital, the Dakota Territory was split in two and divided into North and South in 1889. Later that year, on November 2, North Dakota and South Dakota were admitted to the Union as the 39th and 40th states.
Games: The Ojibwa used games to teach their children many things, including good behavior, safe behavior, and other important manners and skills. These games were creative and fun, and are still enjoyed today. They include Butterfly Hide and Seek, and Moccasin Pebble.
The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin (/suː/; Dakota: Očhéthi Šakówiŋ /otʃʰeːtʰi ʃakoːwĩ/) are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America. In the 1800s, the Dakota signed treaties with the United States, ceding much of their land in Minnesota.
Dakota (given name)
|Meaning||“friend”, “friendly” or “allies”|
|Related names||Dakotah, Dacotah, Dakoda, Lakota, Nakota|
The Santee or Dakota tribes were still living in the Minnesota in the middle of the 19th century. An uprising by the Santees resulted in defeat by the U.S. Army. Some of the surviving Santee fled to Canada, others were placed in reservations in Nebraska by the U.S. Army.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Religion was part of everyday life for the Sioux. They believed everything had a spirit. There were underwater spirits who controlled all animals and plants. High in the sky, they believed there were spirits called Thunderbirds.