The Cupenos were hunter-gatherers, and moved from place to place frequently as they gathered food for their families. Cupeno men hunted deer, rabbits, and small game. Cupeno women gathered acorns, nuts, beans, and fruits.
Luiseno, also spelled Luiseño, is pronounced loo-ee-sane-yoh. This was the Spanish name for the tribe. Their own name for themselves was Payomkawichum, which means “Western people,” but most modern tribal members prefer Luiseno today. Where do the Luisenos live? The Luiseno are Southern California Indians.
Fed by the Colorado River, it dried up sometime before 1700, following one of the repeated shifts in the river’s course. In 1905 a break in a levee created the much smaller Salton Sea in the same location. The Cahuilla lived from the land by using native plants.
The Cupeño are a Native American tribe of Southern California. Their name in their own language is Kuupangaxwichem (“people who slept here.”) They traditionally lived about 50 miles (80 km) inland and 50 miles (80 km) north of the modern day Mexico –United States border in the Peninsular Range of Southern California.
The Kumeyaay, also known as Tipai-Ipai, are a tribe of Indigenous peoples of the Americas who live at the northern border of Baja California in Mexico and the southern border of California in the United States. Their Kumeyaay language belongs to the Yuman–Cochimí language family.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
How much does each tribal member receive? According to court records, it’s about $13,000 a month, or, about $156,000 a year.
The Cahuilla believed that they lived in a systematic, but unpredictable, universe, in which one could maintain existence only by being able to access and use “? iva? a,” or power, which was also unpredictable, and potentially dangerous.
They got their food by hunting, using fish traps, nets and traveling to the coast. They hunted rabbits, lizards, deer, quail, and other animals. They also traveled to the coast to fish and get seaweed and seafood.