The Choctaw were a tribe of Native American Indians who originated from modern Mexico and the American Southwest to settle in the Mississippi River Valley for about 1800 years. Known for their head-flattening and Green Corn Festival, these people built mounds and lived in a matriarchal society.
The term “Five Civilized Tribes” derives from the colonial and early federal period in the history of the United States. It refers to five Native American nations—the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek (Muscogee), and Seminole. The population currently living in Oklahoma are referred to as the Five Tribes of Oklahoma.
The Choctaw Nation has a total of 223,279 registered members, 84,670 of whom live in Oklahoma. The Tribal area tracked by the U.S. Census has a population of approximately 231,000. The population of that area is 21 percent Indian and 79 percent non-Indian.
They were known for their rapid incorporation of modernity, developing a written language, transitioning to yeoman farming methods, and having European-American and African-Americans lifestyles enforced in their society. The Choctaw culture has it roots in the Mississippian culture era of the mound builders.
To prove tribal heritage with the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, you must be a descendant of someone listed as Choctaw or Mississippi Choctaw with a blood quantum on the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (also known as the Dawes Roll).
They formerly occupied central and S Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their enemies in repeated wars.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Family History Centers can order copies of most of the collection. The Familysearch website has many documents online (www.familysearch.org). Also, many online genealogical sites such as Rootsweb (www.rootsweb.com) and Ancestry.com (www.ancestry.com) have searchable online databases that may help.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs uses a blood quantum definition—generally one-fourth Native American blood —and/or tribal membership to recognize an individual as Native American. However, each tribe has its own set of requirements—generally including a blood quantum—for membership (enrollment) of individuals.
Qualifying individuals can receive more than $2,000 in assistance, elders are eligible for around $2,700 and families with children can get more than $2,800 and additional funds for education and child assistance.
1. The Tribal Council of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians (“MBCI” or “Tribe”) passed a resolution which allows each enrolled member of the MBCI to be eligible to receive a payment of $500.00 for the July 2018 distribution. The Tribe will issue a separate payment for each enrolled member, regardless of age. 2.
The Choctaw dress of today is usually of solid color of green, red, blue, purple, or other bright color with contrasting color trim.
The Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830 marked the final cession of lands and outlined the terms of Choctaw removal to the west. Indeed, the Choctaw Nation was the first American Indian tribe to be removed by the federal government from its ancestral home to land set aside for them in what is now Oklahoma.
The Choctaw (in the Choctaw language, Chahta) are a Native American people originally occupying what is now the Southeastern United States (modern-day Alabama, Florida, Mississippi and Louisiana). Henry Halbert, a historian, suggests that their name is derived from the Choctaw phrase Hacha hatak (river people).
The Tribe is governed by the Choctaw Nation Constitution, which was ratified by the people on July 9, 1983. The Constitution provides for three branches of government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. Each providing oversight of various Tribal functions.