Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
What type of food did they eat? The early Cheyenne farmed crops including corn, beans, and squash. They also hunted small game such as rabbits and deer. The Cheyenne of the Great Plains got most of their food from hunting buffalo.
Today, the Cheyenne people are split into two federally recognized Nations: the Southern Cheyenne, who are enrolled in the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes in Oklahoma, and the Northern Cheyenne, who are enrolled in the Northern Cheyenne Tribe of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation in Montana.
Many Cheyenne children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian boys and girls had more chores and less time to play in their daily lives, just like colonial children. But they did have dolls, toys, and games to play. Here is a picture of a hoop game enjoyed by Cheyenne kids.
It is “Haaahe.” It has no word meaning, but, does still have important social meaning of recognition, solidarity, friendship.
The Cheyenne Indians were a tribe of Great Plains American Indians who lived in what is now Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, and South Dakota. Hunting was extremely important to these people as it provided them with food and materials for clothing, tools, weapons, and their homes.
Meaning of Cheyenne Cheyenne means “red speakers” or “strangerly speaking” in Sioux. Deriving from the French word “chien”, Cheyenne means “dog” or “dog owner”.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne.
The Arapaho spoke in the Algonquian language. The Arapaho’s food was buffalo, deer, elk, bear and wild turkey. They also ate wild berries, fruits, roots, herbs and wild vegetables such as spinach, prairie turnips and potatoes.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
During the 1800s, the Cheyenne laid their dead to rest in the trees. In the absence of a suitable tree, mourners constructed a scaffolding with four wooden posts staked into the ground. A wood platform for the body was then laid across the posts, resulting in a structure, typically 8 to 10 feet high.
The Crow remained bitter enemies of both the Sioux and Cheyenne. The Crow managed to retain a large reservation of more than 9300 km2 despite territorial losses, due in part to their cooperation with the federal government against their traditional enemies, the Sioux and Blackfoot.
After the onset of the gold rush the Cheyenne tribe, like many other plains Indians, were eventually forced off their land and onto reservations. Today, the Northern Cheyenne reside primarily in Montana on their own reservation and the Southern Cheyenne tribe resides in Oklahoma.
The Cheyenne Tribe had many different natural resources that were important to their survival. Fertile soil was needed to grow the Cheyenne’s crops for food. They harvested corn, squash, and bean plants for food. The grass and grains growing in the plains was used to feed the Cheyenne’s horses.
Arapaho, North American Indian tribe of Algonquian linguistic stock who lived during the 19th century along the Platte and Arkansas rivers of what are now the U.S. states of Wyoming, Colorado, Nebraska, and Kansas.