“There are strong indications that the original ” Black Dutch ” were swarthy-complexioned Germans. Anglo-Americans loosely applied the term to any dark-complexioned American of European descent. The term was adopted [by some people] as an attempt to disguise Indian or infrequently, tri-racial descent.
The most common designation of “ Black Dutch ” refers to Dutch immigrants to New York who had swarthier complexions than most other Dutch. The darker complexions were usually due to intermarriage or out of wedlock births with Spanish soldiers during the Spanish occupation of the Netherlands.
Nederlanders ) or the Dutch, are a West Germanic ethnic group and nation native to the Netherlands. They share a common ancestry and culture and speak the Dutch language.
A DNA study in the Journal of Genetic Genealogy in 2012 found that the families historically called Melungeons are the offspring of sub-Saharan African men and white women of northern or central European origin.
Faced with a strong colonial past and a legacy of slavery, the Dutch are being asked to take a more impartial look at their history. “We’re still a very white nation,” says Mirjam de Bruijn, an anthropologist at Leiden University. “Our colonial legacy is visible every day in our streets.
Some of the most prominent surnames that have been claimed as potentially associated with a Melungeon identity include Bowling (Bolin), Bunch, Chavis (Chavez), Collins, Epps, Evans, Fields, Francisco, Gibson, Gill, Goins, Goodman, Minor, Mise, Moore, Mullins, Osborn(e), Phipps, Reeves (Rives, Rieves, Reeves, Reaves),
Dutch is spoken not only in the Netherlands, but it is also the official language of Flanders, the neighbouring northern provinces of Belgium. Worldwide, Dutch is a national language in Suriname (South America), Aruba and the Dutch Antilles (Caribbean). In total Dutch has 23 million mother tongue speakers.
Van is also a preposition in the Dutch and Afrikaans languages, meaning “of” or “from” depending on the context (similar to de and di in the Romance languages). The most common cases of this are van de, van der and van den, where the articles are all current or archaic forms of the article de “the”.
The official name of the country is the Kingdom of the Netherlands. King Willem-Alexander is the king of the nation. Holland actually only means the two provinces of Noord- Holland and Zuid- Holland. However, the name Holland is often used when all of the Netherlands is meant.
Then there’s the Dutch diet: people in the Netherlands have a voracious appetite for dairy, and studies suggest this has contributed to their increased height. “Calcium builds bone and growth is dependent on having a good supply of that,” Barrett explained.
“Going Dutch ” (sometimes written with lower-case dutch ) is a term that indicates that each person participating in a paid activity covers their own expenses, rather than any one person in the group defraying the cost for the entire group.
Dutch is probably the easiest language to learn for English speakers as it positions itself somewhere between German and English. het, but it doesn’t have all the grammatical cases like German. However, de and het are quite possibly the hardest part to learn, as you have to memorise which article each noun takes.
Generations of inbreeding in isolated pockets of Appalachia have created a significantly higher rate of birth defects among the people who live there, geneticists said this week. The situation is complicated because there is no national birth defects registry, and because some hospitals do not record birth defects.
Central Appalachians, for example, experience the most severe poverty, which is partially due to the area’s isolation from urban growth centers. The area’s rugged terrain and isolation from urban centers has also resulted in a distinct regional culture.
Melungeon. The word itself is a mystery. The Portuguese term for ship mate is Melungeon but to many, the word means a mixture. But perhaps its most likely origin is the French word melange, a slur used in the old south against anyone with dark skin.