Ancestral Pueblo culture, also called Anasazi, prehistoric Native American civilization that existed from approximately ad 100 to 1600, centring generally on the area where the boundaries of what are now the U.S. states of Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah intersect.
The Anasazi Indians, also known as the ancient people are the ones that historians and researchers give credit to for the fascinating cliff pueblos found throughout the Four Corners area of what is now Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado and Utah.
The airy settlement that we explored had been built by the Anasazi, a civilization that arose as early as 1500 B.C. Their descendants are today’s Pueblo Indians, such as the Hopi and the Zuni, who live in 20 communities along the Rio Grande, in New Mexico, and in northern Arizona.
In addition to hunting, the earliest Anasazi gathered fruits, seeds, and nuts to feed themselves. As the Anasazi grew more advanced, they learned about agriculture and began to plant their own crops. Growing food, however, is not easily done in the desert.
The Anasazi, or ancient ones, who once inhabited southwest Colorado and west-central New Mexico did not mysteriously disappear, said University of Denver professor Dean Saitta at Tuesday’s Fort Morgan Museum Brown Bag lunch program. The Anasazi, Saitta said, live today as the Rio Grande Pueblo, Hopi and Zuni Indians.
The Anasazi lived here for more than 1,000 years. Then, within a single generation, they were gone. Between 1275 and 1300 A.D., they stopped building entirely, and the land was left empty. When rainfall was reliable and water tables were up, the Anasazi built their roads and monuments.
Girls and Boys were interested in learning to cook and build like their parents. Also when the Anasazi Indians had the gatherings at church villages, they often created sporting events or gaming events. From evidence found by archeologists the Anasazi had gaming pieces that resembled a game along the lines of gambling.
The types of clothes worn by the Anasazi tribe are believed to have consisted of items woven from animal hair, the yucca plant, cotton and vegetable fibers. These included: shoes, elts, shirts, dresses, robes, socks, headdresses and jewelry.
Anasazi as a cultural label The name ” Anasazi ” has come to mean “ancient people,” although the word itself is Navajo, meaning “enemy ancestors.” [The Navajo word is anaasází (<anaa- “enemy”, sází “ancestor”).]
The Anasazi speak Tanoan, Acoma, Zuni, and Navajo. They communicate with their people beyond language is called far-reach.
The Anasazi made clothes by weaving yucca fibers, turkey feathers, and rabbit fur together to make robes and skirts. Later grew cotton and used it to make clothes.
Why did the Anasazi build kivas? The Anasazi built kivas for religious ceremonies. Some mounds where built in the shape of birds and snakes because they had a religious or cultural significance to the group of Native Americans.