Yupik artists are known for their fine carvings, especially masks and ivory figurines. Here is an online museum exhibit of carved wooden Yup’ik masks.
Eskimo people are culturally and biologically distinguishable from neighbouring indigenous groups including American Indians and the Sami of northern Europe. Studies comparing Eskimo -Aleut languages to other indigenous North American languages indicate that the former arose separately from the latter.
” Inuit ” is the plural of “inuk” meaning “person”, and ” Yupik ” is a singular word meaning “real person” based on the root word “yuk” meaning “person”. Yupik without the apostrophe refers to the people of St. Lawrence Island and the nearby coast of Chukotka in Russia.
Yes, they are related. It is thought from genetic and other evidence that the Native people from Alaska, Canada and Greenland in the north to Tierra del Fuego in South America came in at least three waves. Eskimo-Aleut-Inuit-Yupik speakers are the last wave and they derive about 57% of their DNA from First Americans.
Some people consider Eskimo offensive, because it is popularly perceived to mean “eaters of raw meat” in Algonquian languages common to people along the Atlantic coast.
Religion. The traditional religious beliefs of the Yup’ik people falls into the category of animism, a belief that spirits inhabit everything in nature. Shamans are spiritually gifted practitioners of animism who communicate with these spirits and practice magic. Among the Yup’ik, there are good shamans and bad shamans
Some Alaskan indigenous people accept the term Eskimo. Other peoples consider it offensive, because it was a label applied by Europeans and others.
Etymology. When early explorers of the Arctic first witnessed Inuit nose rubbing as a greeting behavior, they dubbed it Eskimo kissing. This was used as an intimate greeting by the Inuit who, when they meet outside, often have little except their nose and eyes exposed.
The past 500 years have seen a myriad of terms used as referents to indigenous Americans, including American Indian, Native American, First Nation, Eskimo, Inuit, and Native Alaskan. Some of these terms are used almost interchangeably, while others indicate relatively specific entities.
Northern Native peoples live at latitudes that receive too little sunlight most of the year for vitamin D synthesis in the skin. Their skin is darker than that of Europeans and thus blocks more solar UVB.
Igloo (iglu in Inuktitut, meaning “house”), is a winter dwelling made of snow. Historically, Inuit across the Arctic lived in igloos before the introduction of modern, European-style homes. While igloos are no longer the common type of housing used by the Inuit, they remain culturally significant in Arctic communities.
Yupik, also called Yupiit or Western Eskimo, indigenous Arctic people traditionally residing in Siberia, Saint Lawrence Island and the Diomede Islands in the Bering Sea and Bering Strait, and Alaska. They are culturally related to the Chukchi and the Inuit, or Eastern Eskimo, of Canada and Greenland.
Race Categories American Indian or Alaska Native: A person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America (including Central America) and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment.
Alaska Native Communities on Harriman’s Route. Alaska’s indigenous people, who are jointly called Alaska Natives, can be divided into five major groupings: Aleuts, Northern Eskimos (Inupiat), Southern Eskimos (Yuit), Interior Indians (Athabascans) and Southeast Coastal Indians (Tlingit and Haida).
The lowest individual dividend payout was $331.29 in 1984 and the highest was $2,072 in 2015. However, in 2008 Governor Sarah Palin signed Senate Bill 4002 that used revenues generated from the state’s natural resources and provided a one-time special payment of $1,200 to every Alaskan eligible for the PFD.