Tribes included the Karok, Maidu, Cahuilleno, Mojave, Yokuts, Pomo, Paiute, and Modoc. On the other hand, the mountains that divided the groups made extensive warfare impractical, and the California tribes and clans enjoyed a comparatively peaceful life.
Historically, the Wintu lived primarily on the western side of the northern part of the Sacramento Valley, from the Sacramento River to the Coast Range.
The Wintun are members of several related Native American peoples of Northern California, including the Wintu (northern), Nomlaki (central), and Patwin (southern). Their range is from approximately present-day Lake Shasta to San Francisco Bay, along the western side of the Sacramento River to the Coast Range.
Wintu men didn’t usually wear clothes, though they sometimes did wear short deerskin kilts. Wintu women wore long grass skirts decorated with shells and beads. Shirts were not necessary in the Wintu culture, but both men and women wore ponchos or deerskin robes in cool or rainy weather.
Coastal exploration by Spanish began in the 16th century, and settlement by Europeans along the coast and in the inland valleys began in the 18th century. California was ceded to the United States under the terms of the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the defeat of Mexico in the Mexican–American War.
Tribes in California currently have nearly 100 separate reservations or Rancherias. There are also a number of individual Indian trust allotments. These lands constitute “ Indian Country”, and a different jurisdictional applies in Indian Country. There may also be federal and tribal laws that apply.
When acorn production was low, the Patwin would use buckeyes instead. They also ate pine nuts, blackberries, elderberries, juniper berries, wild grape, and manzanita berries. Tribelets that lived near Suisun Bay ate the shoots and bulbs of marsh plants.
Wintun is a very simple and minimal TUN driver for the Windows kernel, which provides userspace programs with a simple network adapter for reading and writing packets. Originally designed for use in WireGuard, Wintun is meant to be generally useful for a wide variety of layer 3 networking protocols and experiments.