Indian Nations of Texas Alabama-Coushatta. Though recognized as two separate tribes, the Alabamas and Coushattas have long been considered one tribe culturally. Anadarko. The Anadarkos lived in East Texas in present-day Nacogdoches and Rusk counties. Apache. Arapaho. Biloxi. Caddo. Cherokee. Cheyenne.
American Indians in Texas Today Only three federally recognized tribes still have reservations in Texas, the Alabama- Coushatta, Tigua, and Kickapoo. The state recognized Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas has its headquarters in McAllen. The Caddo, Comanche, and Tonkawa are officially headquartered in Oklahoma.
In the 1690s they assembled themselves into three loose confederacies-the westernmost Hasinai Indians (including the Tejas Indians or Tay-sha, from whom Texas got its name; see TEXAS, ORIGIN OF NAME) settled on the Angelina and Neches rivers, the Kadodachos along the bend of the Red River at what is now the Texas-
The names of the Texas tribes included the Apache, Alabama, Atakapa, Biloxi, Caddo, Cherokee, Choctaw, Comanche, Creeks, Koasati, Koroa, Kiowa, Pueblos, Quapaw, Shawnee, Waco, Wichita and Zuni. Some of these tribes migrated to the Great Plains.
(See Comanche Nation website.) Other tribes who are known to have had a brief presence in the South Texas Plains were the, Shawnee, Caddo, Kiowa, Kickapoo, and Seminole.
There are three federally recognized Indian tribes in Texas today.
Students identify the four cultures of Native Americans in Texas: Gulf, Southeastern, Plains, and Pueblo.
Unlike most western states, Texas today has almost no Indian lands, the result of systematic warfare by Texas and the United States against indigenious groups in the nineteenth century that decimated tribes or drove them onto reservations in other states.
Because of this, and despite the state’s enormous size, only three reservations exist in Texas today. The Alabama-Coushatta Indian Reservation is just east of Houston, and the two other tribes – the Tiguas and the Kickapoo – both live in the valley of the Rio Grande.
Republic of Texas (1836–1846) The present-day outlines of the U.S. states (white lines) are superimposed on the boundaries of 1836–1845.
The Incas were agriculturally the most advanced. Through highly sophisticated crop selection techniques, they developed corn, potatoes, peppers and tomatoes into the crops they are today. Crops developed by the Incas currently provide a significant percentage of worldwide food consumption.
The name Texas derives from a Caddo Indian word that means “friends” or “allies,” which was incorporated into the state motto: Friendship.
Colonized in the eighteenth century by the Spanish, the Republic of Texas declared its independence from Mexico on March 2, 1836. The Republic of Texas was not recognized by the United States until a year later in 1837.
Texas Hill Country Native Americans: A Forgotten History Apaches. Comanche. Tonkawa. Waco.
By the 1600s, the Lipan Apache lived on the grassy plains of North Texas. At that time, the tribe split into two large groups (bands)—the Forest Lipan and the Plains Lipan. The Forest Lipan settled in northeastern Texas from the Red River to the upper Brazos River.