The Wichita and Affiliated Tribes are headquartered in Anadarko, Oklahoma. Their tribal jurisdictional area is in Caddo County, Oklahoma. The Wichitas are a self-governance tribe, who operate their own housing authority and issue tribal vehicle tags.
Wichita oral tradition tells us that the Wichita and the Pawnee are related. People from what is now Arkansas and Louisiana migrated to the Platte River in what is now Nebraska.
In the nineteenth century the name came to be used to refer to several confederated bands who recognized a common progenitor and had similar traditions and culture. The Wichita called themselves Kitikiti’sh, meaning “raccoon eyes,” because the designs of tattoos around the men’s eyes resembled the eyes of the raccoon.
Native Americans lived throughout North and South America. In the United States there were Native Americans in Alaska, Hawaii, and the mainland of the United States.
Wichita, self- name Kitikiti’sh, North American Indian people of Caddoan linguistic stock who originally lived near the Arkansas River in what is now the state of Kansas. They were encountered by the Spanish in the mid-16th century and became the first group of Plains Indians subject to missionization.
In the 21st century, the Comanche Nation has 17,000 members, around 7,000 of whom reside in tribal jurisdictional areas around Lawton, Fort Sill, and the surrounding areas of southwestern Oklahoma.
The true statements of the ” Wichita tribe ” are: 1) they were descended from the Plains Village Farmers. 4) their society was matrilineal, but men still made decisions for the tribe. 5) they were part of the Caddoan language family.
Wichita Facts Wichita is known as the “Air Capital of the World.” Wichita is the birthplace of Pizza Hut and White Castle fast-food chains. A.A. Hyde discovered Mentholatum in 1894 in the current The Spice Merchant & Company building.
We know much of what we do about Indians because George Catlin took the time to record and paint their habits and dress. Well, in 1834 he went with Colonel Henry Dodge and his Dragoon Expedition. They came across the Wichita living on the Red River.
Unlike many Plains Indians the Wichita had a mixed economy of nomadic wanderings and farming. For most of the year they stayed in permanent villages constructed of conical grass houses.
Wichita, seat of Sedgwick County, was named for the Wichita Indians who originally inhabited this area. 1864 J. R. Mead became the first white settler when he opened a trading post on the site of Wichita.
Today, there are over five million Native Americans in the United States, 78% of whom live outside reservations: California, Arizona and Oklahoma have the largest populations of Native Americans in the United States.
All Indians are subject to federal income taxes. However, whenever a member of an Indian tribe conducts business off the reservation, that person, like everyone else, pays both state and local taxes. State income taxes are not paid on reservation or trust lands.
|Tribal group||Total||American Indian/Alaska Native alone|
|American Indian tribes|