The Mohawk are traditionally the keepers of the Eastern Door of the Iroquois Confederacy, also known as the Six Nations Confederacy or the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. Our original homeland is the north eastern region of New York State extending into southern Canada and Vermont.
The Mohawk people lived in villages of longhouses, which were large wood-frame buildings covered with sheets of elm bark. One Mohawk house could be a hundred feet long, and an entire clan lived in it–up to 60 people! Today, longhouses are only used for ceremonial purposes.
England created the Six Nations Reserve at Grand River in Brantford, Ontario, and the Tyendinaga Indian Reserve in Ontario. Others have since been established in southeast Canada. Today, there are about 30,000 Mohawk in the United States and Canada.
Kanyen’kéha or Kanien’kéha (also known as the Mohawk language) is an Indigenous language of North America.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Clovis culture, the earliest definitively-dated Paleo-Indians in the Americas, appears around 11,500 RCBP (radiocarbon years Before Present), equivalent to 13,500 to 13,000 calendar years ago.
Scholars know that they ruthlessly tortured war prisoners and that they were cannibals; in the Algonquin tongue the word Mohawk actually means “flesh-eater.” There is even a story that the Indians in neighboring Iroquois territory would flee their homes upon sight of just a small band of Mohawks.
During World War II, many American GIs, notably paratroopers from the 17th Airborne Division wore mohawks to intimidate their enemies. It was also occasionally worn by American troops during the Vietnam War. In the early 1950s, mohawks were worn by some jazz musicians like Sonny Rollins, and even a few teenage girls.
Enemies of the Mohawk tribe included the Algonquin, Huron, Pennacook, Lenape, Ojibway (aka Chippewa) and the Mohican tribes together with all the other people they conquered.
The Algonquians (Mohican) and Iroquois ( Mohawk ) were traditional competitors and enemies. This was perhaps in response to the formation of the League of the Iroquois. In September 1609 Henry Hudson encountered Mohican villages just below present day Albany, with whom he traded goods for furs.
On November 24, 1807, Mohawk Chief Thayendanegea, also known by his English name, Joseph Brant, dies at his home in Burlington, Ontario. Before dying, he reportedly said, “Have pity on the poor Indians. If you have any influence with the great, endeavour to use it for their good.”
Between about 1604 and 1614, the Mohawk and Conestoga waged war, with the Mohawk nearly made extinct. The arrival of Europeans negatively impacted the Mohawk people.
Sekon – Hello. Khwe – hi. Kwehkwe – hi there. Ó:nen – bye. Ó:nen ki’ wáhi – goodbye (goodbye my good friend, it’s dearer to the heart). Ó:nen – bye now. Oh niiawenhátie? – what’s happening what’s going on?
Kaienerekowa in its strength and elusive simplicity. This relationship with the Kaienerekowa is what the western culture would call ideology but. the word that we use to describe this is the word ‘tsionkwetáh:kwen’. This word, literally. translated, means ‘the things that we really believe in’.
All of the Algonquin converts were committed to the French cause through a formal alliance known as the Seven Nations of Canada, or the Seven Fires of Caughnawaga. Members included: Caughnawaga ( Mohawk ), Lake of the Two Mountains ( Mohawk, Algonquin, and Nipissing), St. Regis ( Mohawk ).