The Wyandot or Huron are an Iroquoian-speaking people made up of a number of bands, whose ancestral lands were in southern Ontario, Canada. They later moved to Michigan, Ohio, Kansas, and Oklahoma.
The Huron lived in longhouses which were rectangular wooden houses or shelters with rounded roofs that were covered with sheets of bark. They were usually built on high ground near a water source. They could reach 150 feet long and could accommodate an entire clan.
Prior to 1600, the Huron -Wendat numbered about 20,000 to 25,000 people, but between 1634 and 1642 they were reduced to about 9,000 by a series of epidemics, particularly measles, influenza and smallpox. Today, the Huron -Wendat First Nation in Wendake, Quebec numbers 4,056 registered members, as of July 2018.
The Huron Wendat nation occupied the area north and west of Lake Simcoe and south and east of Georgian Bay. About 70 percent of this area was arable land. The area provided excellent fishing and hunting.
Hurons, meaning “boar’s head,” came from the Old French hure, which referred to the male Hurons ‘ bristly coiffure. The name also meant “rough” and “boorish.” Although the French gave them this name, the Hurons called themselves Wendat, Guyandot, or Wyandot.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
The Huron -Wendat Nation is based in Wendake, now within the Quebec City limits, and it has approximately 3,000 members. They are primarily Catholic in religion and speak French as a first language. They have begun to promote the study and use of the Wyandot language among their children.
For entertainment, the Huron – Wendat listen to stories, danced and played games like charades. The stories were most often connected to their history and traditions, recounting significant events in the past. Dances were typically part of rituals or ceremonies.
This appellation is French in origin. It was a name attributed by the French to the settlement of Native Americans at the mouth of the river near where the French settled Detroit. Huron therefore came to be associated with the Native American settlement, the river Huron, and even Lake Huron.
The three village chiefs were: Walk-In-The-Water, Lame Hand and Splitlog, the brother of Round Head. All acknowledged Tarhe as Titula, leader of the nation, but at the same times, each went their own way as in the War of 1812. By the end of the war, Warrow had emerged as village chief of the Canadian Wyandots.
Wyandot, or Wyandotte, also known as Huron, was spoken near the south end of Georgian Bay off Lake Huron in the 17th century. The Wyandot language is a member of the Lake Iroquoian branch of the Iroquoian language family. Closely related languages include Laurentian, Cayuga, Seneca, Mohawk, Oneida, and Onondaga.
In the early 1640s, the war began in earnest with Iroquois attacks on frontier Huron villages along the St. Lawrence River in order to disrupt the trade with the French. The French decided to become directly involved in the conflict. The Huron and the Iroquois had an estimated 25,000 to 30,000 members each.
Then the Hurons became trading partners of New France. The Iroquois felt threatened by this new powerful alliance between the French and the Hurons. They made many raids on the Hurons, and by the middle of the century, virtually wiped them out. The remainder fled to Quebec for protection by the French colonists.
: a member of an American Indian group formed in the 17th century by Hurons and other Indians fleeing the Iroquois.
The Haudenosaunee, or “people of the longhouse,” commonly referred to as Iroquois or Six Nations, are members of a confederacy of Aboriginal nations known as the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. When the Tuscarora joined the confederacy early in the 18th century, it became known as the Six Nations.