The Longhouse (or Birch Bark House) was a long, narrow house that was traditionally built by the American Native Indians of the Northeast Woodlands. The main tribes who used the longhouse were those belonging to the powerful Iroquois Confederacy which included the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca people.
Sometimes referred to as the Iroquois Confederacy or Six Nations, the Haudenosaunee originally consisted of the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca nations. Just as most Americans today no longer live in log cabins or sod houses, neither do Onondaga people live in their traditional elm longhouses.
the Cherokee lived in longhouses. In the Cherokee tribe, men and women had different jobs that helped them meet their daily needs.
The Iroquois lived in longhouses. These were long rectangular buildings made with wood frames and covered with bark. They were sometimes over 100 feet long. They didn’t have any windows, just a door at each end and holes in the roof to let smoke from cooking fires out. Many families would live in a single long house.
A traditional longhouse was built by using a rectangular frame of saplings, each 2 to 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm) in diameter. The larger end of each sapling was placed in a posthole in the ground, and a domed roof was created by tying together the sapling tops. The structure was then covered with bark panels or shingles.
Longhouses were permanent homes built from wood and bark. They get their name because they were built in the shape of a long rectangle. Usually they were around 80 feet long and 18 feet wide. The roof and sides were then covered with overlapping pieces of bark, like shingles.
Dried meats and corn, as well as other food and personal belongings, were stored on platforms built high up on the walls of the longhouse. Firewood was stacked in areas near the entrances at either end of the structure. Covered pits dug inside the house also stored food.
The Iroquois ( Haudenosaunee or “People of the Longhouses”) who resided in the Northeastern United States as well as Eastern Canada (Ontario and Quebec) built and inhabited longhouses. These were sometimes more than 75 m (246 ft) in length but generally around 5 to 7 m (16 to 23 ft) wide.
Large numbers of Iroquois in the United States live in urban areas rather than on reservations. Many Mohawk and Oneida have worked structural steelworkers. The Oneida opened a large gambling casino near Syracuse, N.Y., in 1993, and other similar facilities have since opened.
The Cherokee Nation has more than 300,000 tribal members, making it the largest of the 567 federally recognized tribes in the United States.
Yes, the teepees are still there, and though they are out of place (the Cherokee never lived in teepees ) they are a reminder of the past and great way to bring in the crowds to learn more about the Eastern Band of the Cherokee Indians.
But no one, including Native Americans from the plains region —- the only place Indians lived in tipis —- lives in tipis today. And they haven’t in a long time, Mann says. Living in a tipi may not give you cred on the rez these days, but many Crow do still own tipis.
Interesting Iroquois Facts: Iroquois sustained themselves through hunting, gathering, fishing, and farming. Women were responsible for the crops. They managed the growth and harvest of crops, and settlements moved every 10 to 30 years due to soil losing its nutrients.
Iroquois Society The Iroquoi Tribes, also known as the Haudenosuanee, are known for many things. But they are best known for their longhouses. Each longhouse was home to many members of a Haudenosuanee family. The longhouse was the center of Iroquois life.