Ute people now primarily live in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah (3,500 members); Southern Ute in Colorado (1,500 members); and Ute Mountain which primarily lies in Colorado, but extends to Utah and New Mexico (2,000 members).
The word Ute means “land of the sun.” There are currently around 3,500 Ute Indians living on reservations in Utah, and they own 1,300,000 acres of land. Many of the Utes in Utah were originally from Colorado, when the Uintah-Ouray Reservation was created they were forced to relocate.
UTE INDIANS – NORTHERN. Ute Indians (who call themselves Nuciu, “The People”) are Southern Numic speakers of the Numic (Shoshonean) language family. At the time of Euro-American contact, twelve informally affiliated Ute bands inhabited most of Utah and western Colorado.
Today, there are eight sovereign tribal governments within Utah: Confederated Tribes of the Goshute Reservation, Navajo Nation, Northwestern Band of Shoshone Nation, Paiute Indian Tribe of Utah, San Juan Southern Paiute, Skull Valley Band of Goshute, Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, Ute Indian Tribe.
Most Ute people speak English today. More than a thousand Utes, especially older people, also speak their native Ute language. If you’d like to know a few easy Ute words, maiku (pronounced similar to “my-kuh”) is a friendly greeting, and tog’oiak’ means “thank you.”
The Utes are a tribe that originated in Utah. Before the Utes came in contact with the Europeans, they practiced the religion of Shamanism. Named after Shamans, this religion was based on a belief in nature and healing.
Utes, a mainstay of Aussie car culture since we invented the bloody things back in the 1930s, are set to disappear from local showrooms replaced instead, by those most American of things, the truck, or to give them their correct nomenclature, the ‘pick-up’ truck.
In the Ute language, Towaoc, pronounced TOW-ay-ock, translates into English as “ thank you.”
In response, Ford designer Lew Bandt designed a two-door body with a tray at the rear for the American Ford Model A chassis, and the model was named “coupe utility”. When the Australian version was displayed in the US, Henry Ford nicknamed it the “Kangaroo Chaser”.
Anthropologists argue that the Utes began using the northern Colorado Plateau between one and two thousand years ago. Historically, the Ute people lived in several family groups, or bands, and inhabited 225,000 square miles covering most of Utah, western Colorado, southern Wyoming, and northern Arizona and New Mexico.
Native lands contain 10% of the known onshore supply of natural gas, but most of it is mined by non-Native entities that typically pay royalties of 12.5% of sales. Tribes ‘ royalties totaled $200 million last year. The Southern Utes, meanwhile, pulled in $100 million on profits from their gas-production company.
The Ute and Southern Paiute Indians are descended from the same group of Numic-speaking hunter-gatherers that began migrating east from southern California around A.D. 1000. Historically, the two groups shared similar, but not identical, hunter-gatherer lifestyles.
The Pine Ridge Reservation is home to the lowest life expectancy, and a number of the poorest communities in the United States. The average life expectancy on Pine Ridge is 66.81 years, the lowest in the United States. There are 3,143 counties in the United States.
From the founding of the United States through the late 1800s, the federal government took more than 1.5 billion acres from Native Americans. Today, many Native Americans live in reservations. These are self-governing, which means they’re not subject to state laws, but they’re not quite sovereign nations, either.
Today’s Utah has five major tribes with strong cultural legacies which continue to flourish: Ute, Dine’ (Navajo ), Paiute, Goshute, and Shoshone.