The vast majority (16,906) identified as American Indian. The South Dakota Department of Tribal Relations reports a total tribal enrollment of 38,332, with 19,639 living on the reservation. The Department of the Interior reports a “Service Area population” for the Oglala Sioux Tribe of Pine Ridge Reservation of 32,152.
The Sioux tribe houses are made from the skin of buffalos. Their tent-like homes are called teepees. They are made from wooden poles covered by animal skins, mostly from buffalos. The teepees are pyramid-shaped, with few openings.
The Standing Rock Sioux Reservation is situated in North and South Dakota. The people of Standing Rock, often called Sioux, are members of the Dakota and Lakota nations.
The Teton, also referred to as the Western Sioux, spoke Lakota and had seven divisions—the Sihasapa, or Blackfoot; Brulé (Upper and Lower); Hunkpapa; Miniconjou; Oglala; Sans Arcs; and Oohenonpa, or Two-Kettle.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Cheyenne River Indian Reservation|
|Poverty Rate (Families with Children)||42.3|
|Poverty Rate (Individuals)||38.5|
Ещё 10 столбцов
Many are engaged in farming and ranching, including the raising of bison. The Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux have a large casino on their reservation in Minnesota, but Oglala efforts to establish one at impoverished Pine Ridge have met with only partial success.
Some Sioux grew crops like corn, squash, and beans, however the majority of the Sioux gained most of their food from hunting. Their primary food source was meat from bison, but they also hunted deer and elk. They would dry the bison meat into a tough jerky that could be stored and lasted for over a year.
The Sioux are known for their distinguished looks. Their hair is very black and it is worn long. Like other Native American tribes, they also have high cheekbones and large noses. The Sioux Indians have the distinction of having one of the most well-known Indian chiefs in history.
The name Sioux derives from the Chippeway word “Nadowessioux” which means “Snake” or “Enemy.” Other definitions trace it too early Ottawa (Algonquian) singular /na:towe:ssi/ (plural /na:towe:ssiwak/) “ Sioux,” apparently from a verb meaning “to speak a foreign language”, however, the Sioux generally call themselves
Enemies of the Sioux were the French, Ojibway, Assinibone, and the Kiowa Indians. One of the allies of the Sioux were the Arikara.
The Black Hills land claim is an ongoing land dispute between Native Americans from the Sioux Nation and the United States government. It was eventually acknowledged that Sioux tribes did manage to purchase over 1,900 acres of the Black Hills in November 2012 which included the sacred Pe’ Sla site.
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
The Sihásapa or Blackfoot Sioux are a division of the Lakota people, Titonwan, or Teton. Sihásapa is the Lakota word for ” Blackfoot “, whereas Siksiká has the same meaning in the Blackfoot language. The Sihásapa lived in the western Dakotas on the Great Plains, and consequently are among the Plains Indians.
Lakota ( Lakȟótiyapi ), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.