After an investigation into tribal laws and practices—including a law the tribe removed in 2012 that banned interracial marriage—the U.S. Department of Interior granted the Pamunkey Indian tribe federal recognition on July 2, 2015, stating, “The Pamunkey Indian Tribe has occupied a land base in southeastern King
1: an Algonquian people of Virginia formerly part of the Powhatan confederacy. 2: a member of the Pamunkey people.
Today, about 200 tribal members remain, many of whom live at least part-time on their 1,200-acre (4.9 km2) reservation. The Pamunkey have been able to survive because of their ability to adapt as a tribe.
Born around 1596, Pocahontas was the daughter of Wahunsenaca (also known as Powhatan ), the powerful chief of the Powhatans, a Native American group that inhabited the Chesapeake Bay region. Little is known about her mother.
At the time English colonists arrived in the spring of 1607, coastal Virginia was inhabited by the Powhatan Indians, an Algonquian-speaking people.
Virginia has two state-recognized reservations, both located on tributaries of the York River. No Federal reservations for Native Americans have ever been created in Virginia, because no treaties were signed between Virginia’s tribes and the Federal government to end a war.
The Pamunkey Indian Reservation is a Native American reservation located in King William, Virginia, United States. This reservation lies along the Pamunkey River in King William County, Virginia on the Middle Peninsula.
As of January 29, 2018, Virginia has seven federally recognized tribes: the Pamunkey Indian Tribe, Chickahominy, Eastern Chickahominy, Upper Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Nansemond and Monacan. The latter six gained recognition through passage of federal legislation in the 21st century.
|Language family||Algic Algonquian Eastern Powhatan|
The Powhatans lived in eastern Virginia, where they famously encountered English settlers in the Jamestown colony. Here is a tribal map of Virginia showing the original location of the Powhatans and their neighbors in the state. Some Powhatan descendants still live in Virginia today.
The Chickahominy were independent of Powhatan’s paramount chiefdom in 1607. ” Chickahominy ” supposedly means “People of the Coarse Pounded Corn.”
According to English accounts, Opechancanough planned to attack the Jamestown fort as well as the outlying settlements. But a young Indian boy who had been Christianized by the settlers forewarned the inhabitants. The news did not spread fast enough, however, to save the English living in the settlements.
The term “princess” was often mistakenly applied to the daughters of tribal chiefs or other community leaders by early American colonists who mistakenly believed that Indigenous people shared the European system of royalty.
Native Americans for so many years have been so tired of enthusiastic white people loving to love Pocahontas, and patting themselves on the back because they love Pocahontas, when in fact what they were really loving was the story of an Indian who virtually worshipped white culture.
But the English colonists wanted even more from Pocahontas. They wanted to convert her to Christianity.” (p. 56) “Supported by Sir Thomas Dale, Reverend Alexander Whitaker and John Rolfe worked tirelessly to convert Pocahontas to Christianity and to teach her English ways.