The Ohlone people lived in Northern California from the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula down to northern region of Big Sur, and from the Pacific Ocean in the west to the Diablo Range in the east.
They survived by hunting, fishing, and gathering acorns and seeds. They lived in round houses made of a framework of poles covered with grass, tule reeds, or ferns. They traveled the water in boats made of balsa wood or on rafts of tules. Their clothing was scant, with the men going naked.
The Tribe Today Tragically, the Ohlone people were nearly wiped out from disease, warfare and colonization from European immigrants. In the 20th century the tribes finally rallied against the federal government and struggled for years to gain basic recognition.
However, according to Chairwoman Charlene Nijmeh (Muwekma Ohlone ), even with documentation, approximately 800 enrolled members and the fact that their tribe was never officially terminated, they are not recognized by the federal government. The tribe’s undetermined status is challenging.
The plants I chose included: White Sage Page 11 7 (Salvia apiana), Soap root (Chlorogalum pomeridianum), Yerba Buena (Satureja douglasii), California Wild Rose (Rosa californica), Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Coffeeberry (Rhamnus californica), Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), and Mugwort (Artemisia douglasiana).
The Ohlone people of the California Central Coast and the San Francisco Bay Area spoke eight different languages at the time of Spanish contact: Karkin, Chochenyo, Tamien, Mutsun, Chalon, Rumsien, Awaswas, and Ramaytush.
CCA campuses are located in Huichin and Yelamu, also known as Oakland and San Francisco, on the unceded territories of Chochenyo and Ramaytush Ohlone peoples.
The present-day Muwekma Ohlone Tribe is comprised of all of the known surviving American Indian lineages aboriginal to the San Francisco Bay region who trace their ancestry through the Missions Dolores, Santa Clara, and San Jose; and who were also members of the historic Federally Recognized Verona Band of Alameda
The Ohlone are the predominant Indigenous group of the Bay Area, including the Chochenyo and the Karkin in East Bay, the Ramaytush in San Francisco, the Yokuts in South Bay and Central Valley, and the Muwekma tribe throughout the region.
The Ohlone ate them all: insects, reptiles, rodents, birds, fish, and larger game animals of all kinds. Things that seem to be repulsive to today’s modern pallet, such as grasshoppers and yellow jacket grubs, were enjoyable additions to the native diet.
Long prior to the tech boom, the names Oakland, Emeryville, Berkeley, and the United States of America, before Spanish missions, were the native Ohlone peoples who have been inhabiting what we now know as the Bay Area for thousands of years.
One may also ask, what did the Ohlone tribe trade? They traded animal hides, baskets, bows and arrows, mortars and pestles for other things they needed like Ohlone mussels, abalone shells, salt, cinnabar, dried abalone, and olivella shells, and Yokut pine nuts and rabbitskin blankets.
Serving almost 16,000 students per year, the District has a main campus in the City of Fremont, campus in the City of Newark, and online. Ohlone College is pronounced “oh loh nee kol ij” (audio below): Your browser does not support the <audio> element.