Grand Village of the Natchez, (22 AD 501) also known as the Fatherland Site, is a 128.1-acre (0.518 km2) site encompassing a prehistoric indigenous village and earthwork mounds in present-day south Natchez, Mississippi.
Natchez, Mississippi may be best known for its antebellum mansions, but the human history of the area goes back thousands of years. The story ofNatchezbegins with the indigenous mound-building cultures, known since French occupation as the Nachee, or Natchez Indians.
The Natchez people lived in villages of adobe houses with thatched roofs. One family lived in each house. The Natchez houses were arranged around a village square that was used for ceremonies and sports events.
Having a population of some 4,000, they occupied at least nine villages and were presided over by a paramount chief, known as the Great Sun, who wielded absolute power. Both observers noted the high temple mounds which the Natchez had built so that the Great Sun could commune with God, the sun.
The earliest European account of the Natchez may be from the journals of the Spanish expedition of Hernando de Soto. In 1542 de Soto’s expedition encountered a powerful chiefdom located on the eastern bank of the Mississippi River. Native sources called it “Quigualtam,” after the paramount chief’s name.
The paramount chief of the Natchez, called the Great Sun, lived at the Grand Village.
1: a member of an American Indian people of southwestern Mississippi. 2: the language of the Natchez people. Natchez. geographical name.
Traditional Natchez religion venerated the Sun, which was represented by a perpetual fire kept burning in a temple. All fires in a village, including the sacred fire, were allowed to die once a year on the eve of the midsummer Green Corn ceremony, or Busk.
The Natchez believed that in the distant past the son of this deity had descended to earth and brought civilization to them as his own chosen people giving them those laws, customs, ceremonies, and arts that made them powerful over their neighbors.
Due to the spread of European diseases such as smallpox, measles, and bubonic plague, the native population of the Lower Mississippi Valley declined drastically in the century following De Soto’s arrival.
Summary and Definition: The Natchez tribe lived in the area of St. The Natchez Indians were successful hunters, fishers and farmers, growing corn, beans, and squash. The culture of their ancient civilization ended as Europeans encroached on their lands.
Natchez is a great place to live. It is fun and it has a lot of open fields to play. You can also find friendly people to talk to. Very interesting and informative place to grow up.
Another possibility is that the Mound Builders died from a highly infectious disease. Although it appears that for the most part, the Mound Builders had left Ohio before Columbus arrived in the Caribbean, there were still a few Native Americans using burial practices similar to what the Mound Builders used.
The Creek Nation was once one of the largest and most powerful Indian groups in the Southeast.
The largest mound at Cahokia was Monks Mound, a four-terraced platform mound about 100 feet high that served as the city’s central point. Atop its summit sat one of the largest rectangular buildings ever constructed at Cahokia; it likely served as a ritual space.