The Sioux are a confederacy of several tribes that speak three different dialects, the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota. The Lakota, also called the Teton Sioux, are comprised of seven tribal bands and are the largest and most western of the three groups, occupying lands in both North and South Dakota.
They reside near the Sacred Black Hills of South Dakota. The Lakota were one of the original native Americans tribes, who lived and hunted all over the Rocky Mountain ranges before the arrival of European travellers.
The Teton, also referred to as the Western Sioux, spoke Lakota and had seven divisions—the Sihasapa, or Blackfoot; Brulé (Upper and Lower); Hunkpapa; Miniconjou; Oglala; Sans Arcs; and Oohenonpa, or Two-Kettle.
The number of Lakota Indians is slightly lower than other tribal groups. Today, there are only about 70,000 registered Lakota Indians. Less than half of these continue to speak the ancestral language. The Lakota Indians can be traced back to the Lewis and Clark expedition.
Allen, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation, has the lowest per capita income in the country. Extreme poverty rates on the ten largest reservations.
|Reservation||Location||Extreme Poverty Rate|
|Standing Rock Indian Reservation||South Dakota and North Dakota||16.6|
Quahadis were the hardest, fiercest, least yielding component of a tribe that had long had the reputation as the most violent and warlike on the continent; if they ran low on water, they were known to drink the contents of a dead horse’s stomach, something even the toughest Texas Ranger would not do.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
Name. Lakota (pronounced lah-KOH-tah) is the tribe’s name for themselves and may mean “allies” or “friends.” It comes from the Teton word Lakhota, sometimes translated as “alliance of friends.” Another meaning for the name is “those who consider themselves kindred.” The people are also known as Teton Sioux.
Today, the Lakota are found mostly in the five reservations of western South Dakota: Rosebud Indian Reservation, home of the Upper Sičhánǧu or Brulé. Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, home of the Oglála. Lower Brule Indian Reservation, home of the Lower Sičhaŋǧu.
The Sihásapa or Blackfoot Sioux are a division of the Lakota people, Titonwan, or Teton. Sihásapa is the Lakota word for ” Blackfoot “, whereas Siksiká has the same meaning in the Blackfoot language. The Sihásapa lived in the western Dakotas on the Great Plains, and consequently are among the Plains Indians.
Apache is pronounced “uh-PAH-chee.” It means “enemy” in the language of their Zuni neighbors. The Apaches ‘ own name for themselves was traditionally Nde or Ndee (meaning “the people”), but today most Apache people use the word ” Apache ” themselves, even when they are speaking their own language.
The name ” Sioux ” was adopted in English by the 1760s from French. The name is sometimes said to be derived from an Ojibwe exonym for the Sioux meaning “little snakes” (compare nadowe “big snakes”, used for the Iroquois). The spelling in -x is due to the French plural marker. The Proto-Algonquian form *na.
Simply put, Hoka hey is a Lakota word meaning “Let’s go!” or “Let’s do it!” expressed with courage and confidence in the face of great odds. This phrase is often confused with the phrase “Today is a good day to die,” which, though a false translation, is apropos with the intensity of the expressi.
Religion was part of everyday life for the Sioux. They believed everything had a spirit. There were underwater spirits who controlled all animals and plants. High in the sky, they believed there were spirits called Thunderbirds.
There are seven federally recognized Lakota tribes; six in the United States and one in Canada. The constitutions of four of these tribes were ratified in 1935 and one (SRST) was ratified in 1959, thereby officially establishing them as federally recognized political entities.